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Chapter 24

Condensed version

QuestionAnswer
Blood cultures yellow Anaerobic & aerobics Microbiology/ bacteria Anaerobic and aerobic or (STP) sodium Polyanethole sulfonate. Pale yellow 8-10 inverts
light blue ( PST) Coagulation & clotting Additives sodium citrate PT / PTT/ - PPT/INR Fibrinogen 3/4'inverts
Gold SST Gold SST Thixopic gel clot activator Chemistry serology immunology Serum sample clotted blood Clot activator (SST) Both chemistry/serology 5/6inverts
marble red/ black SST Routine testing ex titers lipids diseases hormones Cardiac enzymes Thixopic gel/clot activator 5/6 inverts let stand 30/45 mins the centerfuhuge
Red plain No additive chemistry / serology Testosterone/ Toxicology Plastic:5 Glass: none
Dark green (PST) Sodium heparin Chemistry plasma whole blood sample Arterial blood gases Chemistries 8/10 inverts
Mint light green (PST) lithium heparin with Thixotropic gel STAT Chemistry OR CHEMISTRY PLASMA WHOLE BLOOD SAMPLE 8/10 invert s
Marble light green / black Lithium heparin with Thixopic gel STAT CHEMISTRY or chemistry Electrolytes KFT LFT CARDIAC ENZYMES METABOLIC PANELS 8/10 inverts
RED TUBE -- no additive SERUM CHEMISTRY. / SEROLOGY / TESTOSTERONE / TOXICOLOGY ex: HIV
MINT LIGHT GREEN (PST) ADDITIVES LITHIUM HEPARIN / THIXOPIC GEL STAT CHEMISTRY
LAVENDER (PST) EDTA HEMATOLOGY CBC, RBC, WBC, PLATELETS, WBC DIFFERENTIAL , HEMATOCRIT , HgB
GRAY (PST) POTASSIUM OXILATE & SODIUM FLUORIDE GLUCOSE ( sugar) CHEMISTRY ALCOHOL levels
BLOOD CULTURE (Betadine/ chloroprene) ANAEROBIC OR AEROBICS MICROBIOLOGY
LIGHT BLUE TUBE (PST ) PT / PTT PT INR FIBRINOGEN SODIUM CITRATE COAGULATION & CLOTTING FACTORS
GOLD ( SST) MARBLE RED/ BLACK ( SST) routine test........ TITERS/HORMONES/LIPIDS/PROTEIN/CARDIAC ENZYMES/DISEASE(varicella) HERPES Thixopic gel clot activator CHEMISTRY & SEROLOGY
DARK GREEN ( PST) SODIUM/ HEPARIN/ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS CHEMISTRY
GEL SEPERATES
SERUM CLOTS
PLASMA BLOOD COUNTS
PST PLASMA SEPERATER TUBE
SST SERUM SEPERATER TUBE
MICROBIOLOGY IDENTIFICATION OF MICROBIOLOGY
SEROLOGY SUBSTANCES IN BLOOD AFTER BIRTH
CHEMISTRY SUBSTANCES IN BLOOD STREAM SINCE BIRTH
COAGULATION CLOTTING FACTORS
HEMATOLOGY BLOOD CELLS
Function of the RED BLOOD CELL Erythrocytes Transportation of O2. To the body cells and deliver ( CO2 waste product of the cellular metabolism )to the lungs Ex: inhale exha
Purpose of the RED BLOOD CELL The biconcaved shape AIDS in the ability to maneuver through tiny blood vessels to deliver oxygen to the organs and tissues
Mature RED BLOOD CELLS Do not have a nucleus
RED BLOOD CELLS ARE DERIVED from The stem cells in the red bone marrow
Erythropoiesis Production of red blood cells Triggered by low levels of oxygen in the blood
Erythropoietin ( hormone in kidney) When kidneys detect low level of oxygen( hypoxia) they produce and Release this hormone ( erythropoietin) this hormone acts to stimulate and regulate the production of erythrocytes to increase the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
RBC's Live 120 days Die in the spleen
WBC's are called MACROPHAGES THEY ENGULF AND DIGEST DAMAGED OR DIEING CELLS
RBC / erythrocytes Are the most numerous formed in the blood
Average WBC COUNT 4,500 - 11,000
2 parts of blood Plasma - formed elements
5/6 liters The average adult has
8 - 10 pints Of blood the average adult has
Platelet count 250,000 - 500,000
Agranulocyte WBC CELLS W/O GRANULES
Two categories of WBC Agranulocyte/ granulocytes
Granulocyte WBC WITH GRANULES
WBC' called Leukocytes
AGRANULOCYTE TWO Monocytes/ lymphocytes
MONOCYTES THAT HAVE LEFT CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Are now called MACROPHAGE AND ENTER THE TISSUE SPACES Protect tissues for foreign substances
GRANULOCYTE 3 kinds (NEUTROPHILS) immunity increases with acute bacteria destroys bacteria (EOSINOPHILS) toxic substance/ parasites (BASOPHILS) secrete heparin/histamine assists with inflammation/ increases to allergic reaction
3 types of lymphocytes ( produced in bone marrow and lymphoid tissues Spleen / tonsils/adenoids T /B /AND NATURAL KILLER CELLS
LYMPHOCYTES - T T CELLS MATURE IN THE THYMUS
LYMPHOCYTES. - B B CELLS MADE IN BONE MARROW
LYMPHOCYTES -NK NATURAL KILLERS MADE IN BONE MARROW
Thrombocyte /. Platelet Small dice- shaped fragment of a very large cell called MEGAKARYOCYTE
Thrombocyte Smallest of blood cells / contains Thromboplastin which triggers the clotting process
Created by: Tbella