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Ch. 26

Triple Alliance an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the late 1800s.
Triple Entente an alliance between France, Russia, and Great Britain in the late 1800s.
Franz Ferdinand Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary whose assassination by a Serb nationalist started WWI.
Gavrilo Princip Serbian nationalist; he assassinated Archduke Franz of Austria-Hungary, which started WWI.
neutral in a war, not aiding either side
Central Powers the alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary. and the Ottoman Empire during WWI.
Allied Powers the alliance formed between Britain, France, and Russia in WWI.
Western Front during WWI, the deadlocked region in northern France where German and Allied armies faced off.
trench warfare a form of combat in which soldiers dug trenches, or deep ditches, to seek protection from enemy fire and to defend their positions.
total war a war that requires the use of all a society's resources
propaganda information such as posters and pamphlets created by governments in order to influence public opinion.
Battle of Verdun the longest battle of WWI; ended in stalemate, with both sides suffering hundred of thousands of casualties
Gallipoli Campaign failed attempt by the Allies in WWI to take control of the Dardanelles.
genocide the killing of an entire people
Bolsheviks Marxists whose goal was to seize state power and establish a dictatorship of the proletariat; Soviet Communist
Grigory Rasputin A self-proclaimed Russian holy man and prominent figure at the court of Czar Nicholas II. He was viewed as corrupt, and support for czarist Russia deteriorated because of him.
Marxism-Leninism the political and economic philosophy of the Bolsheviks, expounded by Vladimir Lenin, which looked to an uprising of the proletariat that would abolish private property and enforce social equality.
Leon Trotsky Russian Communist revolutionary; he negotiated the peace between Russia and the Central Powers to end Russian involvement in WWI.
New Economic Policy Lenin's plan, started in 1921, to allowed limited capitalism, especially among farmers, in order to restore the Soviet economy.
Woodrow Wilson 28th president of the u.s.; he proposed the League of Nations after WWI as a part of his Fourteen Points
u-boats submarines used by Germans in WWI and II.
Zimmermann Note a telegram sent to a German official that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a particular city-state.
armistice an agreement to cease fighting, usually in a war
Fourteen Points President Wilson's plan for organizing post-WWI Europe and for avoiding future wars.
Treaty of Verailles treaty ending WWI; required Germany to pay huge war reparations and established the League of Nations.
League of Nations an international body of nations formed after WWI to prevent future wars.
mandates territories once part of the Ottoman Empire that the League of Nations gave to other European powers to rule after WWI.
Balfour Declaration a statement issued by the British foreign secretary in favor of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Created by: matthewwells