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Pediatrics Primary care specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of children
Neonatologist Pediatrician who specializes in the care of newborns and infants (≤ 1 yo).
Well Child Visit Periodic evaluation of growth and development. Serves to identify any abnormal conditions associated with the stages of development.
Sick Child Visit Child is experiencing the signs and symptoms of illness or disease.
Cradle Position Head rests on crook of one arm while other arm supports the back.
Football Position Infant held at waist level with one arm around the infant’s body while supporting the back and head.
Upright Position One hand supports the infant’s bottom while the other arm and hand supports the infant’s back and head.
APGAR Neonatal Health Assessment Used to assess newborn health at one and five minutes after birth. A score of 0-2 is given for each of five signs.
Growth Physical change with accompanying increase in size.
Development Behavioral aspect of growth characterized by an increase in the complexity of function and skill.
Moro When startled, infants arch their back, throw back their head, and fling out their arms and legs.
Rooting Stroking the infant’s cheek causes the head to turn in the direction of the stimulus.
Sucking Provides a means for obtaining nutrition and is soothing.
Palmar Grasp Infant will grasp when the hands/palms are stimulated.
Stepping Infant will draw up leg as if taking steps when held upright and tilted forward.
China Doll Pulling the infant into a sitting position causes the eyes to open, shoulders tense, and the infant tries to right its head.
Average New Born Size About 20 in. long and 7 lbs.
Cephalocaudal Growth and development occur from head to toe.
Proximodistal Growth and development from center to outward.
Gross Motor Skills Large muscle activity, i.e. arms, legs, and walking
Fine Motor Skills Fine grain movements such as finger dexterity.
Denver Development Screening Test Simple, fast, and inexpensive means of diagnosing developmental delays by age six.
Puberty: Menarche Must make up 16-17% of body fat in order to menstruate.
Male Secondary Sex Characteristics Increase in penis and testicle size. Appearance of straight pubic hair. Minor voice changes. First ejaculation. Appearance of kinky pubic hair. Onset of maximum growth. Appearance of axillary hair. More detectable voice change. Facial hair growth.
Female Secondary Sex Characteristics Breasts enlarge or pubic hair appears. Appearance of axillary hair. Increase in height. Hips widen beyond shoulder width. First menstruation.
Vaccine Suspension of attenuated or dead microorganisms that stimulate the production of antibodies.
Toxoid Poison produced by a microorganism that has been rendered harmless stimulates the production of antibodies.
DTaP Diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis vaccine (whooping cough) Five doses, 0.5 ml-IM, administered between age 2 months to 6 years.
Td Adult tetanus diphtheria . Seven years through adult. Every 10 years for life.
HIB Haemophilus influenzae (type B) Four doses administered between 2 months and 18 months.
IPV Inactivated polio vaccine Three doses administered between 2 to 18 months.
MMR Measles, mumps, rubella (german measles) One to two doses, 0.5 mL-subcutaneously, between 12 months and 12 years.
RV Rotavirus. Virus that causes gastroenteritis. Contains live rotavirus. Three doses administered orally
PCV Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine Contains seven strains of pneumococcal bacteria responsible for the most severe infections among children. Four doses given between 2 to 15 months.
Varicella Virus that causes chickenpox. Two doses administered between 12 months and 6 years.
NCVIA National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act Requires parents to be informed about the benefits and risks of immunization.
PKU Phenylketonuria—an accumulation of phenylalanine in the blood. Caused by the lack of phenylalanine hydroxylase.
Created by: itsdelis