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Ancient Islam

Islamic Civilization - People, Places, Ideas

TermDefinition
oasis a place in a desert where water can be found
Bedouins Arab nomads
Muhammad prophet of Islam
Ka'aba holy site where Muhammad destroyed idols
Quran holy book of Islam
Sunnah traditions (words & actions) of Muhammad
Five Pillars the basic committments each Muslim must fulfill
Belief declaration of faith in a single God and in Muhammad as his messenger
Prayer five times daily facing Mecca
Fasting go without food & drink from dusk to dawn
Pilgrimage Journey to Mecca that Muslims try to make at least once in a lifetime
Mosque house of worship for Muslims
Sharia Islamic laws
Caliph leader of Islamic Empire after Muhammad's death
Sunnis majority Islamic branch
Shi'as minority Islamic branch
sultan leader of non-Arab Muslim states
Umayyad expanded empire from Spain to India - Syria
Abbasid ruled during Golden Age - Baghdad
Ottoman non-Arab ruled until 1923 - Turkey
Savavid non-Arab took over Persia - Iran
jihad Struggle for the faith
souk market place
Hijra migration from Mecca to Medina
Created by: chambrook