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Ancient Islam

Islamic Civilization - People, Places, Ideas

TermDefinition
oasis a place in a desert where water can be found
Bedouins Arab nomads
Muhammad prophet of Islam
Ka'aba holy site where Muhammad destroyed idols
Quran holy book of Islam
Sunnah traditions (words & actions) of Muhammad
Five Pillars the basic committments each Muslim must fulfill
Belief declaration of faith
Prayer five times daily facing Mecca
Fasting go without food & drink from dusk to dawn
Pilgrimage Muslims make journey to Mecca at least once in lifetime
Mosque house of worship for Muslims
Sharia Islamic laws
Caliph leader of Islamic Empire after Muhammad's death
Sunnis minority Islamic sect
Shi'as majority Islamic sect
sultan leader of non-Arab Muslim statesU
Umayyad expanded empire from Spain to India - Syria
Abbasid ruled during Golden Age - Baghdad
Ottoman non-Arab ruled until 1923 - Turkey
Savavid non-Arab took over Persia - Iran
Created by: chambrook