Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Chapter 21: Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s.
Enclosure Movement A process in Europe from 1700s to the mid-1800s where landowners fenced small fields to create large farms, allowing for more efficient farming methods and increased the food supply.
Factors of Production The basic resources for industrialization, such as land, labor, and capital.
Cottage Industry A usually small-scale industry carried on at home by family members using their own equipment.
Factory A place where goods are manufactured in mass quantity.
Industrialization Developing industries for the production of goods.
Jethro Tull British inventor; he invented the seed drill.
Richard Arkwright English inventor; in 1769 he patented the spinning frame, which spun stronger, thinner, thread.
James Watt Scottish inventor; he developed crucial innovations to make the steam engine efficient, fast, and better able to power machinery.
Robert Fulton American engineer and inventor; he built the first commercially successful, full-sized steamboat, the "Clermont" , which led to the development of commercial steamboat ferry services for goods and people.
Labor Union An organization representing workers' interests.
Strike A work stoppage.
Mass Production The system of manufacturing large numbers of identical items.
Interchangeable Parts Identical machine-made parts that can be substituted for each other in manufacturing.
Assembly Line A mass-production process in which a product is moved forward through many work stations where workers preform specific tasks.
Laissez-Faire A business system where companies are allowed to conduct business without interference by the government.
Adam Smith Scottish economist; he became the leading advocate of Laissez faire economics and is considered by some to be the "father of modern economics." He wrote the first true text of economics, "The Wealth of Nations", in 1776.
Thomas Malthus English economist and sociologist; his theory that population growth would exceed the growth of food production and that poverty would always exist was used to justify low wages and laws restricting charity to the poor.
Entrepreneur A risk taker who starts a new business within the economic system of capitalism.
Andrew Carnegie American industrialist and humanitarian; he led the expansion of the U.S. steel industry in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Socialism A political and economic system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns the means of production.
Karl Marx German social philosopher and chief theorist of modern socialism and communism; he declared that as capitalism grew, more workers would become impoverished and miserable. He wrote the "Communist Manifesto" in 1848, explaining their philosophy.
Communism Economic and political system in which government owns the means of production and controls economic planning.
Standard of Living A measure of the quality of life.
Created by: MaKayla Gierke