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Republic & Geography

Ancient Rome Vocabulary Part One

TermDefinition
Tiber River The physical feature where Rome was built. It was shallow making it easy to cross.
Republic A style of government run by elected leaders chosen by the people to represent their views. It was broken into three parts: Senate, Assembly, Magistrate
Plebeians Rome's lower class (workers: artisans, laborers, farmers) who rebelled when they weren't being listened to.
Patricians Rome's upper class citizens who ran the government and held the highest positions in the republic.
Magistrates Upper class citizens that were elected into power by the people. 20 elected officials in power for one year. Judges, tax collectors, urban planners.
Consuls The title of the two upper class citizens elected from the magistrates. They were leaders that created laws and lead the army.
Roman Senate A group of upper class Romans that advised the leaders. It was made up of 300 patricians.
Roman Assembly A group that protected the rights of the plebeians. They could veto the actions of the consuls.
Veto The action of stopping a law from being passed when one group wants it to and another one does not.
Checks and Balances A method of balancing power so that one group doesn't become too powerful.
Punic Wars A series of wars between Rome and Carthage, a city in northern Africa. They fought over resources, land, control, and power.
Gladiators A slave or captive, who was forced to fight to the death in a public arena against another person or wild animal. It was a source of entertainment for the audience. Victory could earn your freedom.
Peninsula The physical feature where a piece of land is surrounded on three sides by water.
Mediterranean Sea The physical feature where Rome was centrally located. It made water travel and trade easier for Rome. It also made attacks of invaders tougher to defend.
Coastline The physical feature of land separating the mainland from water. Italy's coastline is long.
Alps Mountains The physical feature of mountains located in the north of Italy. They separate the Italian peninsula from the rest of Europe. They have passes which allow passage through the mountains, offering limited protection to Rome.
Apennines Mountains The physical feature of mountains located throughout the mainland of Italy. They made it difficult to cross from one side of Italy to the other, but did offer some protection to Rome.
Climate of Italy The region had mild weather with plenty of rain. It made it possible to develop a strong agricultural base and grow wheat, grapes, and olives.
Created by: csackrider