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CH 22 infection

Infection control/medical asepsis/sterilization

Microbiology study of microorganisms
Microorganisms tiny plants and animals that you can't see with the naked eye
Pathogenic disease causing
Non-pathogenic normal flora and fauna
Where are nonpathogenic microorganisms found? surface of skin, GI track, respitory, and GU track
Infection invasion and multiplication of pathogenic organisms in the body
Symptoms of infection heat, swelling, pain, redness
What is the shape of Cocci round
What is the shape of Bacilli Rod, twinkee
What is the shape of Spirilla Spiral
What are the three subgroups with Cocci diplococci, steptococci, and staphlococci
What diseases are assosiated with diplococci? ganarria
What diseases are assosiated with steptococci? strepthoat
what diseases are assosiated with staphlococcsi? pimples
What diseases are assosiated with bacilli? TB, Typhoid, tetness
What diseases are assosiated with Spirilla? sypholis
What is a virus smallest living organisum
How can we see viruses? using an eletron microscope
what is Protozoa? largest one cell micoorganism causes malaria
What is Epidemiology? Science study of incidents, distribution, and contyrol of diseases
What is communicable disease? transferable to one person to another
what is communicable period time when an infectious agent can be transferred
what is incubation time? time between exposure to first symptoms
What is direct transmission actual contact with pt. or their fluids
what is indirect transmission it occurs through infectous droplets in the air
what is nosocomial hospital aquired infection
what is the chair of infection in order? infectious agent, resevoir host, means of exit, means of transmission, means of entry, susceptible host
factors contributing to low resistance pour health, pour hygine, pour nutrition, and age
what does coughing and sneezing do? focefully expells microorganisums
What is Cilia and what does it do for us? small hairs that capture and expell bad things from your respitory tract.
what does tears and sweat do? help remove disease causing pathogens
What is aerobes needs oxygen to survive
what is anaerobes does not need oxygen to survive
how does light affect organisums? most organisums grow better with out light
how does moisture affect organisums? mositure is essential for growth and reproduction
Asepsis germ free
Mecical Asepsis clean but does not eliminate all pthogens
surgical asepsis make steril eliminates all
sanitization process of washing and scrubing
disinfection process that can eliminate many organisms but is not effective against spores
sterilization procdess that distroys all forms of organisums including spores
what do you use with disinfection? chemicals like bleach, clorid, cidex, germacides, bacteriolcides, or boil at least 15min to disinfect
Naturally acquired-active immunity get sick-get the antibodies
Artificially acquired-active immunity vaccine-semi to permanent
Naturally acquired-passive immunity mom to fetus-temporary
Artificially acquired-passive immunity ready made antibodies-gamma globulin-temporary
Incubation exposure time first appearance of disease
Prodomal beginning of systems
acute disease process at it's peak
declining syptoms start to subside
convalescent recovery and recouperation
Created by: Seanmorrone