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Chapter 16

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Caravel a sailing vessel that uses square and triangular sails to help it sail against the wind
Henry the Navigator prince of portugal and patron of exploration, he made no voyages himself but spent his life directing voyages of discovery along the African coast
Vasco da Gama portuguese navigator, in 1497-1499, he became the first European to sail around africa and india by sea
Christopher Columbus italian explorer, sailing for Spain, who reached the americans in 1492 while searching for a western sea route from europe to asia
Ferdinand Magellan portuguese navigator his ships were the first to circumnavigate the globe though he died on the journey
Circumnavigate to proceed completely around
Sir Francis Drake english admiral, he rounded the tip of south america and explored the west coast, he ended up heading west to return to england, thus becoming the second man to circumnavigate the globe
Henry Hudson english navigator, he sailed for the dutch east indian company and discovered the Hudson River in present day New York
Encomienda spanish colonial system in which a colonist was given a certain amount of land and a number of Native Americans to work the land in exchange for teaching the Native Americans Christianity
Hernan Cortes spanish conquistador from 1519 to 1521 he defeated the Aztec empire, conquering mexico for spain
Conquistador spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the americans and captured land for spain
Moctezuma II Aztec ruler from 1502 to 1520, he was emperor of the aztecs when Cortes and his army conquered the empire. He was taken prisoner and killed during battle with the spanish army
Francisco Pizarro spanish conquistador, conqueror of peru, founder of lima. From 1530 to 1533 he conquered the inca empire
Atahulapa last inca king, he was taken prisoner by pizarro and his army after refusing to accept Christianity and surrender his empire to spanish conquistadors. He was killed by the spanish and his empire was taken over.
Viceroys
Bartolome de Las Casas
Treaty of Tordesilla
Colombian Exchange
Mercantilism
Balance of trade
Subsidies
Capitalism
Joint-Stock Companies
Plantations
Triangular Trade
Middle Passage
Olaudah Equiano
African Diaspora
Created by: averygarris