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Japan Vocab

Social Studies

Nomadic group originally from Asian steppes, formed the largest land based empire in history. Mongols.
High plateaus of Central Asia, dry grasslands. Steppes.
Mongol portable shelters. Yurts.
First leader of the unified Mongol people in 1206. Temujin/Genghis Khan.
Capital of the Mongols. Karakorum.
Catapult weapons used for siege warfare. Mangonel and Trebuchet.
Cultural group of nomads which splintered into many groups, including Seljuk and Ottomans. Turks.
A grandson of Genghis Khan who conquered China in 1279 and created the Yuan Dynasty. Kublai Khan.
Term for Mongol Empire. Khanate.
Turkish descendant of Genghis Khan who rose to power in the Khanate of Jagadai and conquered a large area of central Asia between Northern India and Moscow. Timur / Tamerlane.
Primary source of Mongol history written by a Mongol who may have been close to Genghis Khan. The Secret History of the Mongols.
Time period of relative peace and prosperity under Mongol reign. Pax Mongolia.
Pandemic disease which originated in East Asia and spread to Europe during the Middle Ages. “Black Death”.
Il-Khan ruler who eased tensions between the Mongols and Muslims by converting to Islam in 1295. Ghazan.
Founded the Ottoman Turks in 1299. Osman.
Constantinople re-named after being captured by the Ottoman Turks. Istanbul.
Russian prince of Novgorod who accepted a tributary relationship with the Mongols. Alexander Nevskii.
Russian principalities which benefited from trade with Mongols. Moscow and Novgorod.
Mongol Khanate which took over parts of Russia. Khanate of the Golden Horde.
Militant crusading order of Christian soldiers who fought against Muslim Turks during the Crusades. Teutonic Knights.
Capital of the Yuan dynasty, previously Beijing, meant “city of the khan”. Khanbalik.
Mongol dynasty in China, set up by Kublai Khan in 1279. Yuan dynasty.
Typhoon, or divine winds, which protected Japan from Mongol invasion. Kamikaze.
Kublai Khan’s favorite wife, whose death may have caused the decline in his reign. Chabi.
Merchant from Italy who traveled to Kublai Khan’s court and kept detailed journals which serve as primary sources. Marco Polo.
Peasant who led a rebellion against the Mongols and began the Ming dynasty in 1368. Ju Yuanzhang/Hongwu.
“Brilliant” dynasty formed by the Chinese following the collapse of the Mongol-ruled Yuan. Ming Dynasty.
Capital of the Ming Dynasty. Nanjing.
Emissaries to the Ming emperor who monitored the local officials and made sure they were governing in accordance with the Ming. Mandarins.
Castrated male servants in the Ming court; most famous was Zheng He. Eunuchs.
Created by: emarciante9