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ante- Before, forward
anti- against
ecto- Out, outside, outer
endo- Within, inner
hyper- above, beyond, excessive
hypo- below, under, deficient
inter- between
intra- within
para- beside, alongside, abnormal
per- through
peri- around
pre- before, in front of
pro- before
Super- supra- above, beyond
Poiesis formation
-ptosis prolapse, drooping, sagging, falling down
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage -rrhagia to burst forth, bursting forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-scope Instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination, to view, examine
-tome Instrument​ to cut
-tomy Incision
-tripsy crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
abduct To lead away from the middle
adduct To lead toward the middle
Arteritis Inflammation of an artery
arthritis Inflammation of a joint
GN(silent) n(pronounced) medical term; "gnathic" näth'ïk
on(silent) n(pronounced) knuckle nük'ël
MN(silent) n(pronounced) mnemonic nï-mön'ïk
on(silent) n(pronounced) pneumonia nū'-mō'nï-ä
ps(silent) s(pronounced) psychiatrist sī-kī'ä-trïst
pt(silent) t(pronounced) ptosis tō'sïs
acetabulum/o acetabulum
act/o Extremity
ankyl/o stiffening
arthr/o joint
burs/o a pouch
calcan/e heel bone
carp/o wrist
chondr/o cartilage
clavicu/o clavicle
coccyg/e coccyg/o Coccyx
coll/a glue
cost/o Rib
crani/o Skull
dactyl/o Finger or toe
femor/o Femur
fibul/o Fibula
fixat/o Fastened
humer/o humerus
ili/o ilium
isch/i ischium, hip
kyph/o a hump
lamin/o lamina
lord/o bending
lump/o Loin, lower back
mandibul/o Lower jawbone
maxill/o Jawbone
menisc/i Crescent
myel/o bone marrow
oste/o bone
patell/o kneecap
ped/o child, foot
phalang/e phalanges
rad/i radius
radi/o X-ray
rheumat/o -rrhea discharge
sacr/o Sacrum
sarc/o Flesh, connective tissue
scapul/o Shoulder blade
scoli/o Curvature
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebra/o Vertebra
stern/o Sternum
tendon/o Tendon
tract/o to draw
uln/o ulna
vertebr/o Vertebra
xiph/o sword
porosis pore, or passage
-tome instrument used to cut
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
my/o,muscul/o,myos/o Muscle
rhabdomy/o Stryatic muscle
leiomy/o smooth muscle
myocardi/o cardiac muscle
fasci/o fascia
sarc/o Connective tissue,flesh
or/o mouth
cheil/o and labi/o lips
gloss/o and lingu/o tongue
dent/i Teeth
gingiv/o Gums
tonsill/o Tonsills
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o Stomach
enter/o Small intestine
hepat/o Liver
cholecyst/o gall bladder
pancreat/o Pancreas
Small intestines has three sections? duoden/o jejun/o Ile/o
col/o Collon
an/o anus
large intestine has three sections? cec/o colon/o rect/o
cec/o Cecum
colon/o, colo colon
rect/o rectum
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileium
absorpt/o to take in
aden/o gland
aliment/o nourishment
amyl/o Starch
anabol/o Building up
append/o. appendic/o appendix
bil/o. chol/e gall, bile
bucc/o Cheek
catabol/o a casting down
celi/o abdomen
cheil/o Lip
choledoch/o common bile duct
cirrh/o orange-yellow
col/o. colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder
dent/o tooth
diverticul/o diverticula
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o Small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
fibr/o fibrous tissue
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sweet, sugar
halit/o breath
hemat/o blood
hemorrh/o vien liable to bleed
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
odont/o tooth
pancreat/o pancreas
pept/o to digest
pharyng/o pharynx
pil/o hair
prandi/o meal
proct/o anus/rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid
splen/o spleen
stomat/o. or/o mouth
verm/i worm
-ase When taking about enzymes
-chezia defecation or the elimination of waste
-iasis abnormal condition
-itis inflammation of
pancreat/o (pancreas) -itis (inflammation) Drop the o and add -itis pancreatitis
kerat/o hard
ab- Away from
laryng Throat
-itis Inflammation of
Neuro Nerves
-pathy Disease of
hem,hem/o,hemat,sangu Blood
angi Blood vessels
ven, ven/o, phleb Veins
aort Aorta
cardi Heart
arteri Arteries
enceph brain
rhino nose
tympan,myringo Eardrum
odont,dento Tooth
ophthalm, oculo Eye
oto Ear
lingu Tongue
crani Skull
hepat Liver
cholecyst Gallbladder
colo Large intestine
esoph,esopha Esophagus
ileo small intestine
thorac Chest
pneumo, pleuro Lung
mamm,mammo Breast
thromb Blood clot
neph Kidney
myo, my, Muscle
scalup Shoulder
carp,carpo Wrist
brachi,brachio Arm
cost,costo Rib
dorsa Back
oste,osteo Bones
pod,podo,ped,pedo Foot
macro,megalo,megely Large
Micro Small
Hyper- Above normal
hypo- Below normal
tachy- Fast
brady- Slow
peri- Around
Trans- Across
Endo- Within, inside
Inter- Between
echo- Using ultrasonic waves
electro- Using electricity
-ectomy Removal of
-gramy A picture
-graphy Process of making a picture
-otomy Making a cut in
-scopy Use of instrument for viewing
-stomy Create an opening
Chloro Green
Leuk White
Eryth Red
Cyan Blue
dys- Difficult, or not working correctly
mal- Bad
-emia Blood condition
-itis Inflammation
-osis Condition, disease
-paty Disease
-ology study of a part of the body
-ologist Person working with a specific part of the body or a specific disease
-iatry Medical treatment
-iatrist Person providing specific treatment
Removal of
Tension Stretch
-eal Pertaining​ to
CBC Complete blood count
UTI Urinary tract infection
CMV Cytomegalovirus, a virus that causes a variety of infections
BID bis in die Twice a day
tri Three
tetra Four
Brady- Slow
cac-, mal- Bad
dia- Through, between, complete
dys- Bad, difficult, painful, abnormal
eu- Good, normal
ex, exo Out, away from
hetero- Different
homeo- Similar, same, likeness, constant
hydro- Water
micro Small
oligo- Scanty, little
pan- all
pseudo- False
sym-, syn Together, with
a-, an- No, not, without, lack of, apart
ad- Toward, near
bi-, di- Two, double
dif-, dis-
apart, free from, separate
ec-,ecto- Out, outside, outer
ep-, epi- Upon, over, above
end-,endo- Within, inner
extra- Outside, beyond
hyper- above, beyond, excessive
hypo- Below, under, deficient
Mega- Large, great
Meta- Beyond, over, between, change
para- Beside, alongside, abnormal
poly- Many, much, excessive
Post- After, behind
pre-, pro- Before, infront of
Super- Upper, above
supra- above, beyond, superior
meso- Middle
Retro- Backwards
sub- Below, under, beneath
ambi- Both
cata- down
circum-, peri- around
ab- Away from
ad- toward, near, to
ana- up, apart, backward
ante- before, forward
acr/o extremity
aden/o Gland
albin/o White
angi/o Vessel
caus/o Burn, burning
cellul/o Little cell
cutane/o Skin
derm/o Skin
dermat/o Skin
erythr/o Red
follicul/o Little bag
hidr/o Sweat
icter/o jaundice
integument/o a covering
kel/o tumor
kerat/o horn
leuk/o White
melan/o Black
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
pachy/o thick
pedicul/o a louse
plak/o Plate
prurit itching
rhytid/o wrinkle
scler/o hard, hardening
seb/o oil
therm/o hot, heat
trich/o hair
vuls/o to pull
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
Salp tube
Ooph Refers to the ovary
-ectomy surgically remove
card heart
myo muscle
itis Inflammation of something
steth/o Chest
myx/o mucus
thromb/o Clot
coron/o heart
ather/o yellowish plaque
Aden/o Gland
agglutin/o clumping
all/o Other
angi/o Vessel
anis/o Unequal
bas/o base
calc/o lime, calcium
chromat/o Color
coagul/o Clots; to clot
cyt/o Cell
eosin/o Rose-colored
erythr/o Red
fibrin/o Fiber
fus/o to pour
globul/o Globe
glyc/o Sweat, sugar
granul/o Little grain, granular
Hemat/o Blood
hem/o Blood
immun/o immunity
leuk/o White
lipid/o fat
lymph/o lymph
Marc/o Large
neutr/o neither
plasm/o Plasma
reticul/o Net
Septic/o putrefying
ser/o Wrinkle
sider/o Iron
splen/o Spleen
thromb/o Clot
thym/o Thymus
tonsill/o Tonsil
vascul/o Small vessel
-osis abnormal condition
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells
-lysis or -lytic pertaining to destruction
-emia blood condition
-poiesis Formation
-apheresis take away
-stasis a state, or condition in which things do not change, move, or progress
-penia deficiency
ana- again or anew
-phylaxis protection
inter- Between
-stitital Refers to small spaces between structures, or matter
lymphaden/o Lymph nodes
-pathy Disorder
immun/o protection
Lymphaden/o Lymph nodes
Bas/o Base
Myel/o Bone marrow
Thym/o Thymus gland
Tox/o Poison
Morph/o Shape
Spher/o Globe
Is/o Same
dys- Difficult
endo- Within
eu- Good, normal
ex- Out
hyper- excessive
hyp-, hypo- Below, deficient
in- in
tachy- rapid, fast
-osmia Smell
-ema Condition
-ema Condition
-osmia Smell
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-pnea Breathing
-ptysis to spit
-plasty Surgical repair
-ectomy Surgical excision
-stomy New (surgical opening)
-centesis Surgical procedure
bronch/o, bronchi/o Bronchial tubes
pneumo/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o Lungs
aspirat/o to draw in
respirat/o Breathing
theli/o nipple
tubercul/o a little swelling
ventilat/o to air
orth/o straight
mes/o Middle
alveol/o Small air sac
anthorac/o coal
cheil/o Lip
con/o Dust
or/o Mouth
olfact/o Smell
laryng/o larynx, voicebox
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
pneum/o Air
py/o pus
pneumon/o Lung
rhonch/o Snore
atel/o Imperfect
halat/o Breathe
nas/o Nose
rhin/o Nose
coni/o Dust
Spir/o Breathing
tel/o Complete
albumin/o Protein
bacteri/o Bacteria
Calci/o Calcium
Corpore/o Body
Cutane/o Skin
Cyst/o Bladder
excret/o sift out
glomerul/o glomerul, little ball
glycos/o glucose, sugar
hem/o Blood
hamat/o Blood
keton/o Ketone
lith/o Stone
meat/o Passage
micturit/o to urinate
nephr/o Kidney
noct/o Night
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o Kidney
Scler/o Hardening
son/o Sound
ur/o Urine, urinate
Urethr/o Ureter
Urethr/o Urethra
urin/o Urine
Cyst/o Urinary bladder
-otomy Cut into
aur/o, aur/i, ot/o Ear
-otia Ear condition
laryng/o laryx, voicebox
steat/o fat
-cusis, -acusis Hearing
Tympan/o Ear drum
Meta Change
-stasis Place
Tele- Far
Meta- Beyond
Ana- Backward
Apo- Off
Brachy- Short
Epi- Upon
Med- Middle
-ia Condition
Audi/o Hear
-meter Instrument to measure
Esthesi/o Feeling
-opia Vision
abort/o to miscarry
cervic/o Cervix, neck
coit/o Coming together
Colp/o Vagina
Cyst/o Bladder
fibr/o Fibrous tissue
Gynec/o Female
hyster/o, metr/o Womb, uterus
Mamm/o, mast/o Breast
men/o Month, menses, menostration
My/o Muscle
O/o Ovum, egg
Oophor/o Ovary
Pareun/o Lying beside, sexual intercourse
rect/o Rectum
salping/o Fallopian tube
Uter/o Uterus
Vagin/o Vagina
Venere/o Sexual intercourse
vers/o Turning
andr/o male
balan/o glans penis
cis/o to cut
didym/o testis
ejaculat/o to throw out
gon/o Genitals
gynec/o Female
mast/o Breast
mit/o Thread
Orch/o, orchid/o, testicul/o Testicles
prostat/o Prostate
Scrot/o Scrotum
Sperm/o, sperm/i, spermat/o Seed, sperm
varic/o Twisted vein
Vas/o Vessel
Vesicul/o Seminal vesicle
zo/o animal
-genesis Formation
-one hormone
-stomy a new opening
Oligos few, little
-sperm/o Sperm
-ia Condition of
galact/o, lact/o Milk
pen/o Penis
Semin/i Semen
test/o Testis
-opaque Obscure
-graphy Process of recording
-gram Record
-lucent Shine
para- Beside, next to, near, against, contrary to
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
Test to reveal blood in feces Stool Guaiac test
Vomiting blood Hematemesis
Hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells
amyl/o Starch
-ase enzymes
lip/o fat
prote/o protein
-al,-ale,-ac,-ic,-an,-ar,-ary,-eal,-iac,-ical,-ile,-ine,-ior,-ose,-ous,-tic,-tory pertaining to
-stomy when combining form is an organ,means an opening to the outside of the body. A -stoma is an opening between an organ and the surface of the body.
-scopy,log/o,-logy Study of or exam
(Enterocolitis), when two combining forms for gastrointestinal organs are in a term, the one for the organ closer to the mouth appears first.
ana- up
-stom Opening
-sis State of
mes- Middle
-oma tumor
eti/o Cause
idi/o Unknown
pyel/o Renal pelvis
Wills Tumor Childhood Renal Cell Carcinoma
Aphasia Difficulty with speech
Epidural hematoma Collection of blood above the duration mater
Dura mater,arachnoid,pia mater Meninges membranes that protects the brain
-pathy Disease or suffering
Hemiparesis Weakness in the right or left half of the body
Neuropathy Disease of the nerve root
HPI history presenting illness
metrorrhagia abnormal bleeding from the uterus
Hysterosalpingography X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes
Hystr/o Uterus
Salping/o Fallopian tubes
Graphy exam
Colp/o Vagina
-Scopy Visual exam
Colpscopy Visual exam of the vagina
Culdocentesis Fluid aspiration of culture dental sacrifice space
Culd/o Cul de sac
Centesis Aspiration (drawing fluid)
Orchitis Inflammation of testis
Orchi/o Testis
-itis inflammation
Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate
prostat/o Prostate gland
Prostatectomy Removal of the prostate
-ectomy Removal
-poeisis to create
-penia Lack of
Substance is present in the blood
Anthropometric measurements Weight and height
andenoid/o Adenoids
alveol/o alveolar, air sac
Bronch/o Bronchial tube
Bronchi/o Bronchus
Created by: YvonneJ
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