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Sahel a semiarid strip of land across the center of Africa that divides the Sahara from wetter areas
savanna open grassland
griots professional West African storytellers
Nok one of the earliest African peoples to make iron tools (500 BC-AD 200), the Nok lived in what is today Nigeria
Bantu a family of closely related African languages; one of any of the African peoples who speak that language
Ezana (c. AD 300's) Aksumite ruler; he destroyed the Kush capital of Meroƫ and took over the kingdom of a Kush around AD 320.
Ge'ez an ancient Afro-Asiatic language; it is still used today as a liturgical language in the Ethiopian Coptic Church
Lalibela (c. 1180-c. 1250) Ethiopian ruler from about 1200 to 1250; he is known for building large stone Christian churches, many of which are still standing today.
Swahili an African society that emerged in the late 1100's along the East African coast and combined elements of African, Asian, and Islamic cultures
Sundiata (died 1255) Founder and ruler of Mali; he organized an army and defeated the other kingdoms of West Africa.
Mansa Musa (died 1332) Leader of the Mali who held power from 1307 to 1332; he conquered the Kingdom of Songhai. He expanded trade, supported the arts, and promoted Islam.
Sunni Ali (died 1492) First great leader of Africa's Songhai Empire; he organized an uprising against Malian rule and established a new empire in Songhai.
Askia Muhammad (died 1538) King of Songhai from 1493 to 1598; he was known for encouraging a revival of Muslim learning in the West African kingdom during his rule.
Created by: nicoletterojas