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African Kingdoms

Sahel a semiarid strip of land across the center of Africa that divides the Sahara from wetter areas
savanna open grasslands
griots professional West African storytellers
Nok one of the earliest African peoples to make iron tools (500 BC-AD 200), the Nok lived in what is today Nigeria
Bantu a family closely related African languages; one of any of the African peoples who speak that language
Ezana Aksumite ruler; he destroyed the Kush capital of Meroe and took over the kingdom of Kush around AD 320
Ge'ez an ancient Afro-Asiatic language; it is still used today as a liturgical language in the Ethiopian Coptic Church
Lalibela Ethiopian ruler from about 1200 to 1250; he is known for building large stone christian churches, many of which are still standing today.
Swahili an African society that emerged in the late 1100s along the East African coast and combined elements of Africa, Asian, and Islamic culture.
Sundiata Founder and ruler of Mali; he organized an army and defeated the other kingdoms of West Africa
Mansa Musa Leader of Mali who held power from 1307 to 1332; he conquered the kingdom Songhai. He expanded trade, supported the arts and promoted Islam.
Sunni Ali First great leader of Africa's Songhai Empire; he organized an uprising against Malian rule and established a new empire in Songhai
Askia Muhammad King of Songhai from 1493 to 1598; he was known for encouraging a revival of Muslims learning in the West African Kingdom during his rule.
Created by: Lisyanacrawford