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Med Term zCH12

Med Term zCH12 The Integumentary System

cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
hirsut/o hairy, rough
kerat/o horny, hard
lip/o fat/ lipid
melan/o black, dark
myc/o fungus
onych/o fingernail or toenail
pil/i hair
pil/o hair
py/o pus
rhytid/o wrinkle
seb/o sebum
urtic/o rash, hives
xer/o dry
Skin, primary functions intact skin 1st line of immune defense, waterproofs body & is major receptor for sense of touch.
sebaceous glands, primary functions secrete sebum (oil) to lubricate the skin & discourage the growth of bacteria on the skin
sweat glands, primary functions secrete sweat to regulate body temp & water content & excrete some metabolic waste
hair, primary functions aids in controlling the loss of body heat
nails, primary functions protect the dorsal surface of the last bone of each finger & toe
integumentary system consists of... skin & related structures
integumentary system does this... performs important functions in maintaining the health of the body
skin is major receptor for... sense of touch
skin helps body synthesize vitamin D, which is an essential nutrient, from sun's ultraviolet light, while screening out some harmful UV radiation
vitamin D an essential nutrient, from the sun's ultraviolet light.
avg amount of skin on an adult 2 square yards, which makes it the largest bodily organ.
"related structures" of the integumentary system sebaceous glands, sweat glands, hair, and nails
3 layers of skin epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
cutaneous pertaining to the skin
epidermis outermost layer of skin, made up of several specialized epithelial tissues. Does not contain any blood vessels or connective tissue
epithelial tissue forms a protective covering for all internal & external surfaces of the body
squamous epithelial tissue forms upper layer of epidermis that consists of flat, scaly cells that are continuously shed
squamous scale-like
basal layer lowest layer of epidermis where new cells are produced & pushed upward. When cells reach surface, they die and become filled w/ keratin
keratin fibrous, water-repellent protein.
soft keratin primary component of epidermis
hard keratin found in hair & nails
melanocytes special cells that are also found in the basal cell layer. Produce & contain a dark brown to black pigment known as melanin.
melanin pigment that determines color of skin, which depends on type & amount of pigment that is present. Produces spots of color such as freckles & age spots, protects against some UV rays
ultraviolet UV, light that is beyond the visible spectrum @ the violet end. Some help skin produce vit D, others damage skin.
dermis aka corium; thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis. Contains connective tissue, blood & lymph vessels, & nerve fibers.
Related structures of the integumentary system found in the dermis hair follicles, sebaceous glands, & sweat glands
sensory nerve endings in the dermis sensory receptors for stimuli such as touch, temperature, pain, & pressure
collagen in the dermis means glue; tough yet flexible fibrous protein material found in the skin & also in bones, cartilage, tendons, & ligaments
mast cells found in connective tissue of dermis, respond to injury, infection, or allergy by producing & releasing substances, including heparin & histamine
heparin released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant.
anticoagulant prevents blood clotting
histamine released in response to allergens, causes the signs of an allergic reaction response, including itching & increased mucus secretion
subcutaneous layer located just below the layers of skin & connects the skin to the surface muscles. Made up of loose connective tissue
adipose fat
cellulite term used to describe deposits of dimpled fat around the buttocks & thighs. Ordinary fatty tissue.
lipocytes aka fat cells; predominant in subcutaneous layer where they manufacture & store large qty's of fat
sebaceous glands located in dermis layer of skin & are closely associated w/ hair follicles
sebum sebaceous glands secrete this. Oily substance released through ducts opening into hair follicles. Then moves onto surface & lubricates skin.
because sebum is slightly acidic, it discourages the growth of... bacteria on skin
sweat glands aka sudoriferous glands; tiny coiled glands found on almost all body surfaces.
2 types of sweat glands apocrine glands (in hair follicles) and eccrine glands (open onto the skin & are most numerous in palms of hands, soles of feet, forehead.
pores openings on the surface of the skin that act as the ducts of the sweat glands
perspiration commonly known as sweat; secreted by sweat glands & is made up of 99% water plus some salt & metabolic waste products.
how much liquid is perspired daily up to 1 quart
as perspiration evaporates into the air... it also cools the body
body odor associated w/ perspiration... comes from the interaction of sweat w/ bacteria on the skin's surface
hidrosis production & excretion of perspiration
mammary glands produce milk & are modified sweat glands, sometimes classified w/ integumentary system. Also part of reproductive system
hair fibers are rod-like structures composed of tightly fused, dead protein cells filled w/ hard keratin. Darkness & color of hair determined by amt & type of melanin produced by melanocytes that surround core of hair shaft
hair follicles sacs that hold the root of the hair fibers. Shape of follicle determines whether hair is straight or curly.
although hair is dead tissue... it appears to grow b/c cells @ base of follicle divide rapidly & push old cells upward. As cells pushed upward, harden & undergo pigmentation
arrector pili tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause the hair to stand erect. In cold or fright, muscles contract, causing raised areas of skin - goose bumps.
what is the reasoning behind goose bumps? action reduces heat loss through the skin
unguis aka finger/toe nail; the keratin plate that protects the dorsal surface of the last bone of each finger/ toe.
part of a nail body, bed, free edge, lunula, cuticle, nail root
nail body translucent & is closely molded to the surface of the underlying tissues. Made up of hard, keratinized plates of epidermal cells
nail bed joins nail body to the underlying connective tissue, nourishes the nail. BV's here give nail its pink color
free edge of nail portion of the nail not attached to the nail bed, extends beyond the tip of the finger/toe
nail lunula pale half-moon-shaped region at every nail root, generally most easily seen in thumbnail. Active area of nail, where new keratin cells form
-ula little
nail cuticle narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root, protecting new keratin cells as they form
nail root fastens nail to the finger or toe by fitting into a groove in the skin
dermatologist physician who specializes in diagnosing & treating disorders of the skin
plastic surgeon physician who specializes in the surgical restoration & reconstruction of body structures.
plastic related to suffix -plasty, meaning surgical repair
cosmetic surgeons plastic surgeons who perform operations such as breast augmentation, liposuction, & facelifts usually done for aesthetic rather that medical
acne vulgaris acne; chronic inflammatory disease w/ pustular eruptions of the skin caused by overproduction of sebum around hair shaft. Often triggered by hormones in puberty, but also occurs in adults
vulgaris Latin term meaning common
comedo noninfected lesion formed by buildup of sebum & keratin in a hair follicle often assoc. w/ acne vulgaris.
whitehead comedo w/ obstructed opening
blackhead sebum plug that is exposed to air & oxidizes
epidermoid cyst aka sebaceous cyst; closed sac that is found just under skin, contain yellow fatty material & usually found on face, neck, or trunk
seborrhea overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amt of sebum
seborrheic dermatitis inflammation sometimes resulting from seborrhea that causes scaling & itching of upper layers of skin or scalp.
extensive dandruff form of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
cradle cap scalp rash in infants from seborrheic dermatitis
mild dandruff usually caused by yeast-like fungus on scalp
seborrheic keratosis benign skin growth that has a waxy or "pasted-on" look. Can occur in color from light tan to black, occur most in elderly
anhidrosis abnormal condition of lacking sweat in response to heat
diaphoresis profuse seating; normal condition when brought on by heat or exertion but can also be body's response to emotional/ physical stress
phor movement
heat rash prickly heat; intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of sweat glands by bacteria & dead cells
hyperhnidrosis excessive sweating in one area or over whole body
sleep hyperhidrosis aka night sweats; occurrence of hyperhidrosis during sleep. Many potential causes including menopause, medications, infectious diseases
folliculitis inflammation of hair follicle; especially common on arms, legs, & beard area of men.
hot tub folliculitis bacterium found in poorly chlorinated hot tubs or whirlpools infects hair follicle
trichomycosis axillaris superficial bacterial infection of the hair shafts in areas w/ extensive sweat glands, such as armpits
trich/o hair
hirsutism presence of excessive facial hair in women, usually occurring in male pattern, can be hereditary or caused by hormone imbalance
hirsut hairy
alopecia baldness; partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly on scalp
alopec baldness
alopecia areata autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles, causing defined bald areas on scalp or elsewhere on body
areata occurring in patches
alopecia totalis uncommon condition characterized by loss of all the hair on scalp
alopecia universalis total loss of hair on all parts of body
universalis total
adrogenic alopecia most common type of hair loss
androgenic referring to androgens
androgens hormones involved in the development & maintenance of masculine characteristics
male pattern baldness androgenic alopecia where hairline recedes from front to back until only a horseshoe-shaped area of hair remains
female pattern baldness androgenic alopecia where hair thins in front and on sides of scalp, sometimes on the crown. Rarely total hair loss
clubbing abnormal curving of the nails that is often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips. Can be hereditary, but usually caused by social changes assoc. w/ oxygen deficiencies related to coronary or pulmonary diseases such as lung cancer
koilonychia aka spoon nail; malformation of nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like a bowl of a spoon. Indication of iron deficiency
koil hollow or concave
onych fingernail or toenail
onychia aka onychitis; an inflammation of the bed of the nail that often results in loss of nail
onychocryptosis aka ingrown toenail; edges of a toenail, usually on big toe, curve inward & cut into the skin. Affected area prone to inflammation or infection
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nail. Depending on fungus, condition can cause nails to turn white, yellow, green, or black to become thick or brittle
paronychia acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around the nail
par- near
acanthosis nigricans condition where 1 or more areas of the skin develop dark, wart-like patches. Can be sign of disease such as cancer or type 2 diabetes or a reaction to medication.
solar lentigines aka age spots, liver spots; discolorations caused by sun exposure. Although harmless, spots sometimes resemble skin cancer
albinism genetic condition w/ deficiency or absence of pigment in skin, hair, & irises of eyes. Result of missing enzyme that is necessary for production of melanin.
albin white
albino person with albinism
chloasma aka melasma, mask of pregnancy; pigmentation disorder w/ brownish spots on face. Can occur during pregnancy, especially woman w/ dark hair & fair skin, disappears after delivery
vitiligo skin condition resulting from destruction of melanocytes due to unknown causes. Causes irregular patches of white skin. Hair in affected area may also turn white
depigmentation irregular patches of white skin
contusion injury to underlying tissues w/o breaking skin - discoloration & pain
contus bruise
discoloration of contusion caused by... accumulation of blood w/in skin
ecchymosis bruise; large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under skin.
ecchym pouring out of juice
purpura appearance of multiple purple discolorations on skin caused by bleeding underneath skin. Smaller than ecchymosis & larger than petechiae
petechiae very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2mm in diameter. Sometimes result from high fevers
hematoma usually caused by injury, swelling of clotted blood trapped in tissues. Body eventually reabsorbs this blood. Named for area occurred.
subungual hematoma blood trapped under finger/ toe nail
lesion pathologic change of tissues due to disease or injury; skin lesions are described by their appearance, location, color, & size measured in cm
crust scab; collection of dried serum & cellular debris
erosion wearing away of a surface, such as the epidermis of the skin or outer layer of a mucous membrane, can also describe progressive loss of dental enamel.
macule macula; discolored flat spot that is less than 1cm in diameter. Freckles, flat moles...ex.
nodule solid, raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5cm in diameter & deeper than a papule. In acne vulgaris, nodules can scar
papule small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5cm in diameter & does not contain pus. Small pimples & insect bites are types
plaque scaly, solid raised area of closely spaced papules, ex psoriasis
scales flakes or dry patches made up of excess dead epidermal cells. Some shedding of these scales is normal. Excessive shedding associated w/ skin disorders
verrucae warts; small, hard skin lesions caused by human papillomavirus
plantar warts verrucae that develop on the sole of the foot
wheal welt; small bump that itches; can appear as urticaria, or hives, as a symptom of an allergic reaction
abscess closed pocket containing pus that is caused by a bacterial infection. Abscess can appear on the skin or w/in other structures of body
purulent producing or containing pus
exudate a fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
cyst abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material. most common skin cyst is sebaceous cyst
pustule pimple; small circumscribed lesion containing pus
circumscribed contained w/in a limited area. Can be caused by acne vulgaris, impetigo, or other skin infections
vesicle small blister, less than 0.5cm in diameter, containing watery fluid. Ex poison ivy rash
bulla large blister that is usually more than 0.5cm in diameter
abrasion injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away
fissure groove or crack-like break in the skin. ex. cracks btw toes, caused by tinea pedis.
laceration torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
pressure sore previously known as decubitus ulcer or bedsore; open ulcerated would that is caused by prolonged pressure on area of skin.
needlestick injury accidental puncture wound caused by a used hypodermic needle, potentially transmitted an infection.
puncture wound injury caused by pointed object piercing skin
ulcer open lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss around the edges.
birthmark mole or blemish on skin present at birth or shortly thereafter, some fade w/ age
pigmented birthmarks include nevi, cafe-au-lait spots, and other irregularities in skin color
nevi moles
vascular birthmarks aka salmon patches, red birthmarks; caused by blood vessels close to skin's surface. Most common type of birthmark.
capillary hemangioma aka strawberry birthmark; soft, raised, pink, or red vascular birthmark.
hemangioma benign tissue mass made up of newly formed small blood vessels that in birthmarks are visible through the skin
port-wine stain flat vascular birthmark made up of dilated blood capillaries, creating a large, reddish-purple discoloration on face or neck. Will not resolve w/o treatment
dermatitis describes inflammation of the skin, usually redness, swelling, and itching
contact dermatitis CD; localized allergic response caused by contact w/ irritant, such as diaper rash. Can also be caused by exposure to allergen
eczema atopic dermatitis; form of persistent or recurring dermatitis usually characterized by redness, itching, & dryness, w/ possible blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding. Chronic condition most often seen in infants & children - immune system malfunction
exfoliative dermatitis widespread scaling of the skin accompanied by pruritus, erythroderma, & hair loss.
pruritus itching; associated w/ most forms of dermatitis
prurit itching
erythema redness of the skin due to capillary dilation
dilation expansion of the capillary
erythema infectiosum 5th disease; mildly contagious viral infection common in childhood. Produces red, lace-like rash on child's face like they've been slapped.
erythema multiforme skin disorder resulting from generalized allergic reaction to an illness, infection, or medication. Affects skin, mucous membranes, or both & appear as nodules, papules, macules, vesicles, or bullae
erythema pernio chilblains; purple-red inflammation occurs when small BV's below skin are damaged, usually due to exposure to cold & damp weather. Warmth restores circulation
sunburn form of erythema in which skin cells are damaged by exposure to UV rays in sunlight. Increases chances of skin cancer
erythroderma abnormal redness of entire skin surface
exanthem widespread rash, usually in children.
rash breaking out, or eruption, that changes color or texture of skin
hand, foot, & mouth disease mild viral infection common in children under 5; sores in mouth & throat & rash on hands & feet
dermatosis general term used to denote skin lesions or eruptions of any type that are not associated w/ inflammation
ichthyosis hereditary disorders w/ dry, thickened, & scaly skin. Caused by slowing of skin's natural shedding or by rapid increase in production of skin's cells
ichthy dry or scaly
lipedema painful fat syndrome; chronic abnormal condition w/ accumulation of fat & fluid in tissues just under skin of hips & legs. Affects women & even w/ weight loss does not go away.
systemic lupus erythematosus lupus; autoimmune disorder w/ red, scaly rash on face & upper trunk. Also attacks connective tissue in other body systems, especially joints.
psoriasis common skin disorder w/ flare-ups of red papules covered w/ silvery scales on elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks
rosacea adult acne; tiny red pimples & broken BV's. chronic condition of unknown cause on fair skin btw 30-60yo
rhinophyma bulbous nose; usually occurs in older men; hyperplasia (overgrowth) of tissues of nose, assoc w/ advanced rosacea
-phyma growth
scleroderma autoimmune disorder where connective tissues become thickened & hardened, causing skin to become hard & swollen
urticaria hives; itchy wheals caused by allergic reaction
xeroderma xerosis; excessively dry skin
carbuncle cluster of connected furuncles (boils)
cellulitis acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection w/in connective tissues w/ malaise, swelling, warmth, & red streaks.
furuncles boils; large, tender, swollen areas caused by staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands
gangrene death of tissue, most commonly caused by loss of circulation to affected tissues. Tissue death followed by bacterial invasion that causes putrefaction - if enters bloodstream, fatal.
putrefaction decay that produces foul-smelling odors
impetigo highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children. Isolated pustules that become crusted & rupture.
necrotizing fasciitis severe infection caused by group A strep bacteria
group A strep bacteria flesh-eating bacteria
necrotizing causing tissue death
fasciitis inflammation of fascia
pyoderma any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
mycosis any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
tinea ringworm; fungal infection that can grow on skin, hair, nails. No worms, but fungus spreads out in worm-like circle.
tinea capitis found on scalps of children
capitis head
tinea corporis fungal infection of the skin on body
corporis body
tinea cruris jock itch; found in genital area
tinea pedis athlete's foot; most commonly found btw toes
pedis foot
tinea versicolor pityriasis versicolor; fungal infection that causes painless, discolored areas on skin.
versicolor variety of color
infestation dwelling of microscopic parasites on external surface tissue. Some parasites liver temporarily on skin, others lay eggs/ reproduce
pediculosis infestation w/ lice
pedicul lice
nits lice eggs
how do you get rid of lice lice eggs, nits, must be destroyed
3 types of lice pediculosis capitis, pediculosis corporis, & pediculosis pubis
pediculosis capitis infestation w/ head lice
pediculosis corporis infestation w/ body lice
pediculosis pubis infestation w/ lice in the pubic hair & pubic region
scabies skin infection caused by infestation of itch mites. Tiny mites cause small, itchy bumps & blisters by burrowing into top layer of human skin to lay eggs. Meds can kill mites, but itching can last for weeks.
callus thickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing.
clavus or corn callus in the keratin layer of skin covering the joint of toes, usually caused by ill-fitting shoes
cicatrix normal scar resulting from healing of a wound
granulation tissue tissue that normally forms during the healing of a wound, this tissue eventually forms the scar.
granuloma general term used to describe a small, knot-like swelling of granulation tissue in the epidermis. Can result from inflammation, injury, or infection
granul granular
keloid abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the original incision. Tendency to form keloids is often inherited & more common for ppl w/ dark-pigmented skin
keratosis any skin growth, such as a wart or callus, in which there is overgrowth & thickening of skin
leukoplakia patches of keratosis in the mouth
lipoma benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located btw skin & muscle layer. Usually harmless & treatment rarely necessary unless painful or in bothersome location
nevus mole; small, dark skin growth that develops from melanocytes in skin. Normally benign
dysplastic nevi atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer
papilloma benign, superficial, wart-like growth on epithelial tissue or elsewhere in body, such as bladder
papill resembling nipple
polyp general term used most commonly to describe mushroom-like growth from surface of mucous membrane, like nose polyp
skin tags small, flesh-colored or light-brown polyps that hang from body by fine stalks. Benign & tend to enlarge w/ age
skin cancer malignant growth on skin which can have many causes, including repeated sunburns or long-term exposure to sun. Very common, affecting 1/5 ppl
3 main types of skin cancer basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, & melanoma
actinic keratosis solar keratosis; precancerous skin growth that occurs on sun-damaged skin. Looks like a red, tan, or pink scaly patch - sandpaper
precancerous a growth that is not yet malignant, but if not treated it is likely to become malignant
basal cell carcinoma, what is it malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of epidermis. Most common, least harmful. Slow growing, rarely spreads.
basal cell carcinoma looks Lesions mainly on face/ neck & bleed easily. Pink/smooth raised w/ depression in center.
squamous cell carcinoma, what is it originates as malignant tumor of scaly squamous cells of epithelium but can quickly spread to other systems
squamous cell carcinoma looks begin as skin lesions that appear to be sores that will not heal or that have a crusted look
malignant melanoma, what is it melanoma; type of skin cancer that occurs in melanocytes, most serious.
malignant melanoma looks 1st signs are changes in size, shape, or color of mole.
malignant melanoma acronym A-B-C-D-E: Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variation, Diameter larger than pencil eraser, Evolving by changing in size, shape, shade, or color
burn injury to body tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.
severity of a burn described according to percentage of total body skin surface affected. More than 15% is serious.
First-degree burn superficial burn; no blisters, superficial damage to the epidermis
Second-degree burn partial thickness burn; blisters, damage to epidermis, and dermis
Third-degree burn full thickness burn; damage to epidermis, dermis, & subcutaneous layers, & possibly also muscle & bone below.
biopsy removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis
bi pertaining to life
-opsy view of
incisional biopsy a piece, but not all, or the tumor or lesion is removed.
excisional biopsy entire tumor or lesion & a margin of surrounding tissue are removed.
excision complete removal of a lesion or organ
needle biopsy hollow needle is used to remove a core of tissue for examination
exfoliative cytology skin scraping; technique in which cells are scraped from the tissue & examined under microscope.
exfoliation removal of dead epidermal cells, often through sanding or chemabrasion - sometimes done for cosmetic purposes
sunscreen blocks out harmful UVB rays & is sometimes measured in strength of sun protection factor SPF. Some also protect against UVA rays
burn treatment depends on degree & % of body surface involved. Hospital burn center for serious burns, including pain relief, debridement & dermoplasty, IV fluids & nutritional supplements, antibiotics, reconstruction & rehabilitation
dermoplasty skin grafts
cauterization destruction of tissue by buring
chemabrasion chemical peel; use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring, fine wrinkling, & keratoses
cryosurgery freezing; cell destruction or elimination of abnormal tissue cells, such as warts or tumors, through application of extreme cold or by using liquid nitrogen
curettage removal of material from surface by scraping, 1 use is to remove basal cell tumors
debridement removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, & cellular debris from wound to prevent infection & to promote healing
irrigation & debridement I&D procedure; pressurized fluid is used to clean out wound debris
dermabrasion form of abrasion involving use of a revolving wire brush or sandpaper. Used to remove acne & chickenpox scars as well as for facial skin rejuvination.
microdermabrasion removes only a fine layer of skin, so results are temporary
electrodesiccation surgical technique in which tissue is destroyed using and electric spark. Primarily used to eliminate small superficial growths & to seal off BV's
incision cut made w/ surgical instrument
incision and drainage I&D; an incision of a lesion, such as an abscess, & draining of contents
Mohs surgery technique used to treat various types of skin cancer. Individual layers of cancerous tissue are removed & examined under microscope 1 @ a time until margin that is clear of all cancerous tissue has been achieved.
laser acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; used to treat skin conditions & other disorders of body
laser details of substance/ wavelengths a laser tube can be filled w/ a solid, liquid, or gas substance that is stimulated to emit light @ specific wavelength - some wavelengths capable of destroying all skin tissue, others target types of tissue
port-wine stain laser treatment uses short pulses of laser light to remove the birthmark. Treatment can require many sessions b/c only small section treated at a time
rhinopyma laser treatment treated by using laser to reshape the nose by vaporizing excess tissue
tattoo laser treatment lasers target particular colors
photodynamic therapy technique used to treat damaged & precancerous skin, as well as various types of cancer. Tumors on or near surface of skin, or in lining of internal organs like lungs/ esophagus
photosensitizing drug administered topically or by injection. Incubation period followed by exposure to a specific wavelength of light, administered either externally or endoscopically
what happens when photosensitizers are activated produce a form of oxygen that kills nearby cells.
retinoids class of chemical compounds derived from vit A that are used in skin care & treatment b/c of their effect on epithelial cell growth
use of retinoids can make skin... burn more easily
isotretinoin Accutane; powerful retinoid taken in pill form for treatment of severe acne.
tretinoin active ingredient in Retin-A & Renova, which are used to treat sun-damaged skin, acne, & wrinkles
topical steroids hydrocortisone & other more potent variations are used in treatment of various skin disorders & diseases. Derivatives of natural corticosteriod hormones produced by adrenal glands
side effects of topical steriods can include irreversible thinning of the skin
noncomedogenic do not clog pores
many OTC face washes recommended for treating acne contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide
blepharoplasty lid lift; surgical reduction of the upper & lower eyelids by removing sagging skin. Small amt of fat from patient's thighs/ buttocks is sometimes injected in the hollow below the eye to improve appearance
botox formulation of botulinum toxin; small sterile doses injected into forehead muscles to temporarily block nerve signals for 3-4 mo's to block frown lines btw eyebrows
botulinum toxin used in botox, same neurotoxin responsible for form of food poisoning known as botulism
therapeutical uses for botox treat migranes, overactive bladder, strabismus, & muscle spasms
collagen replacement therapy form of soft-tissue augmentation used to soften facial lines or scars or to make lips appear fuller. Tiny qty's of collagen injected under line or scar to boost skin's natural supply of collagen. Lasts 3-12 mo
dermatoplasty skin graft; replacement of damaged skin w/ healthy tissue taken from donor site on the patient's body.
electrolysis use of electric current to destroy hair follicles in order to produce the relatively permanent removal of undesired hair
lipectomy surgical removal of fat from beneath skin to improve physical appearance.
liposuction suction-assisted lipectomy; surgical removal of fat beneath the skin w/ aid of suction
rhytidectomy facelift; surgical removal of excess skin & fat from face to eliminate wrinkles
rhytid wrinkle
sclerotherapy treatment of spider veins by injecting saline sclerosing solution into the vein. Solution irritates tissue causing veins to collapse & disappear.
spider veins small, nonessential veins that can be seen through the skin, often on the legs.
BCC basal cell carcinoma
caut cauterization
Ecz, Ez eczema
I&D incision & drainage or irrigation & debridement
MM malignant melanoma
NF necrotizing fasciitis
PDT photodynamic therapy
Ps psoriasis
SCD scleroderma
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
SC, subq subcutaneous
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
Created by: kld0519
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