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GI Flashcards

GI Terms/Abbrevs

TermDefinition
Or/o, Stomat/o Mouth
Dent/o, Odont/o Tooth
Gloss/o, Lingu/o Tongue
Gastr/o Stomach
Esophag/o Esophagus
Enter/o Intestines
Duoden/o Duodenum - 1st of 3 sections of the small intestine (means: Twelve)
Jejun/o Jejunum - 2nd of 3 sections of the small intestine (means: empty)
Ile/o Ileum - 3rd of 3 sections of the small intestine (means: groin)
Col/o, Colon/o Colon - large intestine (starts at bottom of abdomen; where ileum ends) and is divided into 3 main sections: Ascending, Transverse, Descending Colon
Ascending colon Going up
Transverse colon Going across
Descending colon Going down
Sigmoid/o Sigmoid colon (sigma symbol - S curve) It's at the end of the colon before the rectum begins
Rect/o Rectum (Latin: straight) the final portion of colon before arriving at the anus
An/o Anus (ring)
Proct/o Anus and Rectum
Bil/i, Chol/e Bile (gall) Substance produced in liver required for body to digest food.
Abdomin/o, Celi/o, Lapar/o Abdomen
Cyst/o Bladder
Doch/o Duct
Cholangio Bile vessels leaving the liver (bile vessels)
Choledoch/o Bile Duct (Common bile duct); bile vessels form and unite forming the common bile duct - a single tube that empties into the small intestine. Choledocho refers to this main duct only
Hepat/o, Hepatic/o Liver (largest organ in body next to the skin)
Pancreat/o Pancreas - Pan (all ) / Kreas (flesh)
Peritone/o Peritoneum - membrane lining abdominal cavity & covers most abdominal organs. Peri (around) + Teneo (stretch) = stretched around
Two terms for yellowing skin, tissue and fluids due to increased bilirubin in blood Jaundice & Icterus
Fistula Any abnormal passageway in the body that shouldn't be there
Cholangioma Tumor of the bile vessels (ducts) Cholangi (bile vessels) / oma (tumor)
Cholangitis Inflammation of bile vessels (ducts)
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the bile(gall) bladder - Chole (bile) / Cyst (bladder)
Choledochocele Hernia of the (common) bile duct - Chole (bile) / Docho (duct) / Cele (hernia)
Antacid Agent that neutralizes acid - Ant (against)
Antiemetic Agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting - Emet (vomiting)
Cathartic Agent that produces bowel movements - Cathart (cleansing)
Sialagogic Agent that causes salivation
Anastomosis Creation of an opening; surgical procedure connecting two previously unconnected hollow tubes
BE Barium Enema
BM Bowel Movement
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
EUS Endoscopic Ultrasound
FOBT Fecal Occult Blood Test
GB Gallbladder
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GI Gastrointestinal
LFT Liver Function Test
NGT Nasogastric Tube
NPO (Nihil Per Os) Nothing by mouth
N&V Nausea & Vomiting
PEG Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
PEJ Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy
PUD Peptic Ulcer Disease
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
UGI Upper Gastrointestinal
UPPER GI consists of (3) Mouth, Esophagus & Stomach
LOWER GI consists of (2) Small and Large Intestines
Pyloric Valve Small intestine; valve found between stomach & small intestine
Aphagia Inability to eat
Two terms that refer to STOMACH PAIN Gastrodynia & Gastralgia
Cholelithiasis Presence of gallstone
Choledocholithiasis Presence of a stone in the (common) bile duct
Created by: MCasler