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Blood diseases

Communicable Diseases

What three diseases are phlebotomists most concerned about catching? TB, HIV, Hepatitis
What communicable disease affects the lung tissue? TB
Which form(s) of hepatitis is contracted by the oral fecal route? A
A vaccine is available for which form of hepatitis B
Which hepatitis is almost always fatal? C
Which hepatitis is contracted by the blood and body fluids path? B & C
Which of the 3 communicable diseases affects the liver? Hepatitis
What kind of organisms are responsible for hepatitis? Viruses
What kind of organisms are responsible for TB? bacteria
What virus is associated with AIDS? HIV
How is the tuberculosis bacteria spread? It is airborne.
What carriers are responsible for AIDS to spread? Blood, semen. Infected needles, unprotected sex.
What is the necessary carrier for HIVs to spread? In Cells (epithelial cells, blood, sperm)
What is the carrier for TB? Spittle or water droplets in air
What are the carriers for Hepatitis? Infected feces, Blood or body fluids.
What is the term for yellowing of the skin and eyes? Jaundice
HBVAG means Hepatitis B Virus AntiGen
How many chains are in the Chain of Transmission? 7
List the chains of transmission. Pathogen, carrier, exit, reservoir, entrance, susceptible host, disease process.
Name 3 types of pathogens? Virus, bacteria, fungi
What are materials are considered to be a carrier? infected material, blood & body fluids, insects, animals,
What is an infection contracted in the hospital called? Nosocomial
What act is the single most effective element to break the chain of transmission? Hand washing
In the hospital, what kinds of hand washing techniques are used? Surgical, Medical
How much time is needed for routine hand washing with soap? half minute 30 seconds
In the hospital, what kinds of hand washing techniques are used? Surgical, Medical
Nosicomial means what? hospital acquired infection
What organism causes menengitis Neisseria meningitides
What is peculiar about the organism that causes meningitis? It seeks its own way into the cerebro spinal fluid.
Created by: Ladybug9537