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World History

TermDefinition
Civilizations the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced.
Nile river the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean;
Pharaohs a ruler in ancient Egypt.
Pyramids a monumental structure with a square or triangular base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top, especially one built of stone as a royal tomb in ancient Egypt.
Fertile crescent shaped region containing the comparatively moist andfertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia, the Nile Valley and Nile Delta.
Sumerian a member of the indigenous non-Semitic people of ancient Babylonia.
Code of Hammurabi a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC
Ancient greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between 800 B.C. and 500 B.C.
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.:
Romans a citizen or soldier of the ancient Roman Republic or Empire
Roman empire centered at the city of Rome, in what is now Italy; the most extensive Western civilization of ancient times.
Maya a large family of American Indian languages spoken in Central America and Mexico,
Aztecs a member of the American Indian people dominant in Mexico before the Spanish conquest of the 16th century.
Middle ages the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), or, more narrowly, from c. 1100 to 1453.
Charlemagne first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Feudalism the dominant social system in medieval Europe,
Peasants a poor farmer of low social status who owns or rents a small piece of land for cultivation (chiefly in historical use or with reference to subsistence farming in poorer countries).
Islam the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
Muslims a follower of the religion of Islam
Crusades a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
Monarchs a sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor.
Renaissance the cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome
Reformation a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
Protestant relating to or belonging to any of the Protestant churches.
New world A name for the Americas, especially during the time of first exploration and colonization of the Americas by Europeans
Import bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale.:
Settlement an arrangement whereby property passes to a succession of people as dictated by the settlor.
Exploitation the action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work.
American revolution a war fought from 1775-1783 and won by the 13 American colonies to achieve independence from Great Britain
Parliament (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
Declaration of independence the formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain
Constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
French revolution an uprising in France against the monarchy from 1789 to 1799 which resulted in the establishment of France as a republic.
Industrial revolution The rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery.
Steam engines an engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power.
Social mobility the movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between social strata in a society
Child labor the use of children in industry or business, especially when illegal or considered inhumane.
Aristocracy the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles or offices.
Pollution the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects.
Nationalism patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
World war 1 A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Allies, notably Britain, France, Russia, and Italy (which entered in 1915), and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
Central powers Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire) in World War I.
Treaty of versailles (1919) was a document signed between Germany and the Allied Powers following World War I that officially ended that war.
Separation the action or state of moving or being moved apart.
Czar a person appointed by government to advise on and coordinate policy in a particular area
Russian revolution A revolution in Russia in 1917–1918, also called the October Revolution, that overthrew the czar and brought the Bolsheviks, a Communist party led by Lenin, to power.
Communist a person who supports or believes in the principles of communism
World war 2 A war fought from 1939 to 1945, in which Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the United States, China, and other allies defeated Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Atomic bomb a bomb that derives its destructive power from the rapid release of nuclear energy by fission of heavy atomic nuclei, causing damage through heat, blast, and radioactivity.
Superpowers a very powerful and influential nation (used especially with reference to the US and the former Soviet Union when these were perceived as the two most powerful nations in the world).
Cold war a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.
Arms race a competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the US and the former Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Created by: rhart1973