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Revolutions review

Tennis court oath a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the CiTennis Court Oathtizen equal rights for all men
King Philip II of Spain saw himself as the guardian of Catholicism , 1588 his armada was defeated by the English
James I of England believed in the divine right of kings the idea that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
Oliver Cromwell’s defeat of the king’s forces allowed him to take control of England and eventually establish a military dictatorship
foundation for a constitutional monarchy in England Bill of Rights
Absolutism government in which a ruler holds total power
Edict of Nantes recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France, and declared all Huguenots to be enemies of the state
Thirty Years’ War involved France, Spain, Prussia (Germany)
Glorious Revolution invasion of England by William of Orange, which overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed
Hapsburgs unified the people they ruled by converting them to Catholicism
John Locke people are molded by their experiences
Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the concept of a social contract an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
Montesquieu system of checks and balances
Adam Smith laissez-faire the state should not regulate the economy
In which country did the Industrial Revolution begin Great Britain
first industries to be affected by the Industrial Revolution cotton cloth
factory created a new labor system in which products were produced by an assembly line of workers and animals
developed a steam engine James Watt
social change brought about by the Industrial Revolution emergence of the middle class and the working class
pitiful conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to socialism
bourgeoisie middle class of France and a part of the Third Estate
Committee of Public Safety took control of the French government in 1793 and established a Reign of Terror to defend against domestic threats
Napoleon’s greatest domestic achievement Napoleonic Codes
Napoleon’s downfall began in 1812 when he decided to invade Russia
believed a ruler with absolute power in a state was needed to preserve society Thomas Hobbes
Peace of Westphalia officially ended the Thirty Years’ War
introduced Western customs and ways of doing things to Russia Peter the Great
group of French citizens who favored executing the king Jacobins
island off the coast of Italy, where Napoleon was first exiled Elba
site of Napoleon’s final defeat Waterloo
attacking of this began the French Revolution. Bastille
wife of King Louis XVI Marie Antoinette
Led a slave revolt against the French in Haiti Toussaint L'Overutre
Ivan the terrible created private police force to arrest any suspicious persons 'out to get him', known as a brutal ruler
Catherine the Great's reign resulted in greater subjugation of the peasantry