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Cardiovascular

Abbreviations and Common Terms

TermDefinition
CARDIO HEART
VASCULAR BLOOD VESSELS
4 CHAMBERS of: 2 ATRIA "RECEIVING ROOMS" 2 VENTRICLES "SENDING ROOMS"
HEART IS SEPARATED INTO R/L - RIGHT RIGHT SIDE RECEIVES BLOOD FROM BODY; DELIVERS TO THE LUNGS
HEART IS SEPARATED INTO R/L - LEFT LEFT SIDE RECEIVESS BLOOD FROM LUNGS; DELIVERS OXYGEN-RICH BLOOD TO BODY
VALVES BETWEEN EACH ATRIUM/VENTRICLE: 2 VALVES - R/L - RIGHT RIGHT ATRIOVENTRICULAR VALVE
VALVES BETWEEN EACH ATRIUM/VENTRICLE: 2 VALVES R/L - LEFT LEFT ATRIOVENTRICULAR VALVE (MITRAL VALVE)
VALVES PLACED BETWEEN EACH VENTRICLE/LARGE ARTERY: PULMONARY & AORTIC
WHICH SIDE IS OXYGEN - RICH BLOOD LEFT
WHICH SIDE IS OXYGEN - POOR BLOOD RIGHT
VALVUL/O VALVE; PREVENTS BACKFLOW OF BLOOD
MITRAL VALVE CONNECTS THE LEFT ATRIUM & VENTRICLE
AORTIC VALVE CONNECTS THE LEFT VENTRICLE TO THE OUTGOING BLOOD VESSEL; THE AORTA
TRICUSPID VALVE CONNECTOR BETWEEN ATRIUM AND VENTRICLE
PULMONARY VALVE CONNECTS RIGHT VENTRICLE AND OUGOING BLOOD VESSEL; THE PULMONARY ARTERY
RIGHT VENTRICLE SENDS BLOOD TO LUNGS FOR FRESH O2 AND TO DISCARD EXCESS CO2
LEFT VENTRICLE FRESH BLOOD IS SENT OUT FROM HEART VIA LEFT VENTRICLE TO THE REST OF THE BODY; PROVIDES O2 & COLLECTS THE BODY'S CO2 WASTE.
ATRI/O ATRIUM - UPPER CHAMBER OR PORTION OF EACH SIDE OF HEART
SEPT/O SEPTUM - (Plural: Septa) "Partition" OR "Dividing Structure"
VENTRICUL/O VENTRICLE - LOWER CHAMBER OR PORTION OF EACH SIDE OF HEART. (Venter "Stomach" + Icle "Little" = Little Stomach
CARDI/O HEART Ex. Cardiovascular, Cardiology I&O are dropped when combining: Ex. Myocarditis
CORON/O HEART Ex. Coronary Artery
CIRCULATION LOOP BEGINS LEFT VENTRICLE FORCES BLOOD INTO AORTA (Main Outgoing Vessel)--> AORTA BRANCHES INTO ARTERIES--> BLOOD FLOWS INTO CAPILLARIES (Tiny Vessels)-->O2 PASSES INTO TISSUES AND GIVES BACK THEIR WASTE
CIRCULATION LOOP RETURN AFTER WASTE IS PICKED UP, JOURNEY BEGINS BACK TO HEART VIA VEINS --> SMALLER VEINS COLLECT INTO LARGER VEINS AND COLLECT INTO THE (Upper) SUPERIOR VENA CAVA & (Lower) INFERIOR VENA CAVA AND RETURN BLOOD TO THE RIGHT ATRIUM
CIRCULATION LOOP RETURN AT THE SAME TIME THE LEFT VENTRICLE PUMPS BLOOD INTO THE AORTA, THE RIGHT VENTRICLE PUMPS BLOOD INTO THE PULMONARY ARTERY
PULMONARY ARTERY CARRIES BLOOD TO THE LUNGS TO ATTAIN O2 AND DISCARD CO2 --> AFTER GAS EXCHANGE(S)
PULMONARY VEIN --> BLOOD RETURNS VIA THE MAIN PULMONARY VEIN --> PULMONARY VEIN DUMPS O2 RICH BLOOD INTO THE LEFT ATRIUM. WHEN VALVE OPENS BETWEEN LEFT ATRIUM AND LEFT VENTRICLE, BLOOD FILLS THE VENTRICLE AND CYCLE REPEATS
AORT/O AORTA - MAIN ARTERY LEAVING HEART; DISTRIBUTES OXYGENATED BLOOD THROUGH BODY
ARTERI/O ARTERIES ARE THE LARGE BLOOD VESSELS THAT CARRY OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM HEART TO BODY'S TISSUES. (Artery: "Trachea or Windpipe") Ex. Arteriosclerosis
ATHER/O FATTY PLAQUE "Gruel or Poridge" Ex. Atherosclerosis
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS HARDENING OF AN ARTERY
ATHEROSCLEROSIS HARDENING OF ARTERY DUE TO FATTY PLAQUE BUILD UP
PHLEB/O, VEN/O (Phlebo "vein" + tomy "inscision") = PHLEBOTOMY; THE DRAWING OF BLOOD
ANGI/O, VAS/O, VASCUL/O VESSEL; "jar" or "pitcher"
Created by: MCasler
 

 



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