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Social Studies 1

Canada, Latin America, Early Peoples

TermDefinition
Peninsula land with water on the majority of its sides
timberline the upper border of where trees grow
permafrost a thin layer of frozen soil
sierra a rugged chain of mountains
Ring of Fire volcanoes along the edges of the Pacific Ocean
geography the study of physical features of earth and its atmosphere
Canada's geography Varies Depending where you go. It borders the United States and extends North to the Arctic Ocean.
Canada's natural resources fish, minerals, oil
glaciers carved out valleys
St. Lawrence Seaway allows ships to pass parts of the St. Lawrence River that are too shallow. Connects the Atlantic Ocean and Great Lakes.
St. Lawrence Lowland richest farmland in Canada
Latin American Geography vastly different from location to location. Consists of mountains, volcanoes, coral islands, forests and deserts.
Largest Mexico population Plateau of Mexico
Latin America's climate warm, tropical because of the location near the equator
different cultures in Canada Due to different resources, location, climate, ideas
agriculture science and occupation of farming and cultivating crops
agriculture's effect people settled down and began to build.
shelter a place giving protection from weather. dependent on where people live and the resources available.
Amazon River second longest river in the world. Fresh water, 1/3 of the world's plants and animal species live in the rain forest.
empire collection of lands ruled by the nation that won control of them
civilization a group with its own way of life, religion, and learning.
early civilizations Mayan, Inca, Aztec, Olmec
Appalachian Region Mountain found along the eastern part of Canada. Appalachian mountains are included.
Western Cordillera Parallel mountain ranges. The Rocky Mountains run along the eastern edge, the Coast Mountains run along the western edge.
Interior Plains Much like the United States, fertile farmland, flat grassy landscape.
St. Lawrence Lowlands Canada's richest farmland.
Hudson Bay Lowlands boggy swamplands--muskegs
Arctic Islands 12 large islands and thousands of small ones
fjords narrow inlets of sea with steep cliffs
Canadian Shield Largest region in Canada, covers half the country. Includes tundra to the North and a timberline along the southern Canadian Shield.
Created by: rssloves2teach