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Chapter 23

Vocabulary - Industrialization and nationalism

QuestionAnswer
Capital Money Available for investment.
Entrepreneur A person who finds new business opportunities and new ways to make profits.
Cottage Industry A method of production in which tasks are done by individuals in their rural homes.
Puddling The process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
Derived Obtained From;came from.
Industrial Capitalism An economic system based on industrial production or manufacturing.
Socialism A system in which society, Usually in the form of the government owns and controls the means of productions
Multinational Empire An empire in which people of many nationalities live.
Radical Realting to a political group associated with views, practices and political of extreme change.
Militarism The reliance on military strength.
Emancipation The acting of setting fire.
Abolitionism movement to end slavery
Cash Crop A crop that is grown for sale rather than for personal use.
Caudillo In post-revolutionary Latin America, a strong leader who ruled chiefly by military force, usually with the support of the landed elite.
Secularization indifference to or rejection of religion or religious consideration
Realism A mid-nineteenth century movement that rejected romanticism and sought to portray lower- and middle-class life as it actually was.
James Hargreaves invented a machine called the spinning jenny
Edmund Cartwright made it possible for the weaving of cloth to catch up with the spinning of thread.
James Wat made changes that enabled the engine to drive machinery. Steam power could now be used to spin and weave cotton
Henry Cort Developed a process called puddling. In this process, coke, which was derived from coal, was used to burn away impurities in crude iron, called pig iron, and to produce an iron of high quality.
Miguel Hidalgo Was a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence
Giuseppe Garibaldi Leader in the struggle for Italian unification
Benito Juarez 1806-1872, President of Mexico from 1857-1872
Simon Bolivar Led revolts against Spanish rule in Venezuela, Columbia and Ecuador
Created by: Nabbbs