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chapter 8

Hematology Immunology

TermDefinition
-penia deficiency
ecchymosis large bruise
elliptocyte oval red blood cells
erythrocytosis abnormal increase in red blood cells
hemolysis breakdown of blood cells
leukocytosis increase of white blood cells
poikilocytosis condition characterized by red blood cells in a variety of shapes
reticulocyte immature red blood cells, netlike appearance
thrombocyte platelet, cell that helps clot blood
thromboembolism blockage of a vessel (embolism) caused by a clot that broke off from where it formed
splenectopy floating spleen, displacement of the spleen
antibody substance produced by the body in response to an antigen
antigen substance that causes the body to produce antibodies
hemoglobin iron-containing pigment in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells
hypoperfusion inadequate flow of blood
lymphangiogram record of the study of lymph vessels
perfusion circulation of blood through tissue
ischemia blockage of blood flow to an organ
phlebarteriectasia dilation of blood vessels
thrombophlebitis inflammation of vein caused by a clot
aplastic anemia anemia caused by red blood cells not being formed in sufficient quantities
hemolytic anemia anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
lymphangiectasia dilation of a lymph vessel, normally noticed by swelling in the extremities
hemostatic drug that stops the flow of blood
apheresis general term for a process
ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia
AML acute myeloid leukemia
CML chronic myeloid leukemia
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
Hct hematocrit
HSM hepatosplenomegaly
hematocrit test to judge or separate the blood, used to determine ratio of red blood cells to total blood volume
HUS hemolytic uremic syndrome
INR international normalized ratio
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IVIG intravenous immunoglobulin
LAD lymphadenopathy
NCAT no cervical adenopathy or tenderness
PLT platelet coun
PT prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RBC red blood count
TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
WBC white blood count
Created by: heathersutton87