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Medical Terminology

AHL120: Chapters 9-11

TermDefinition
Anorchism XY disorder of sex development in which individuals have both testes absent at birth.
Angina Chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia.
Astrocytes Star-shaped glial cell of the central nervous system. Type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and salts from capillaries.
Aura Peculiar symptom or sensation occurring before the onset (prodromal) of an attack of migraine or an epileptic seizure.
Balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis.
Benign Prostatic Hypertension (BPH) Enlarged prostate gland. Growth of cells within the prostate gland.
Bilateral Orchiectomy The removal of both testicles
Cardiomyopathy Disease condition of heart muscle.
Cause of Essential Hypertension High blood pressure that doesn't have a known secondary cause.
Cerebellum Posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance.
Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke) Disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain.
Common Cause of Nongonococcal Urethritis Is an infection of the urethra caused by pathogens (germs) other than gonorrhea.
Cryogenic Surgery Technique for prostate cancer treatment using freezing temperatures to destroy cancer cells.
Cryptorchism Undescended testicles.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin indicates diminished oxygen content of the blood.
Dementia Mental decline and deterioration.
Diastole Relaxation phase of the heartbeat.
Dysesthesia An unpleasant, abnormal sense of touch.
Embolus Clot of material that travels through the bloodstream and suddenly blocks a vessel.
Embryonal Carcinoma A germ cell tumor characterized by primitive epithelial cells with marked pleomorphism and various histologic patterns
Fibrillation Rapid, random, ineffectual and irregular contractions of the heart.
Gyri Sheet of nerve cells that produces a rounded ridge on the surface of the cerebral cortex.
Hypothalamus Portion of the brain beneath the thalamus; Controls sleep, appetite,body temperature, and secretions from the pituitary gland.
Indentify (list) Serum Enzyes Alkaline Phosphatase. Amylase. Aspartate Aminotransferase. Creatine Kinase. Pancreatic Lipase. Certain tissue cells contain characteristic enzymes which enter the blood only when the cells to which they are confined are damaged or destroyed.
Interstitial Cells of the Testes Specialized cells that lie adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in the testes. These cells produce testosterone and are also called Leydig Cells.
Intrathecal Pertaining to within the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Ischemia Blood flow is decreased or stopped entirely.
Mitral Valve Valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle; bicuspid valve
Orchiopexy A surgical procedure to correct cryptorchidism (testicle)
Parenchymal Essential distinctive cells of an organ.
Parenchymal Tissue in the Testes The seminiferous tubules that produce sperm are parenchymal.
Paresthesia Tingling, burning pins and needles sensation. Happens without warning
Pericardium Double layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Phlebitis Inflammation of the walls of a vein.
Phlebotomy The surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid
Pneumoencephalogram X ray of the brain made by replacing spinal fluid with a gas (usually oxygen) to improve contrast
Prepuce Foreskin; Fold of skin covering the tip of the penis.
Purulent 'Pus Filled" Discharge from the male urethra.
Seminoma Malignant tumor of the testis.
Sinoatrial Node Pacemaker. Small body of specialized muscle tissue in the wall of the right atrium of the heart.
Syphilis Chronic STD caused by a spirochete (spiral-shaped bacterium)
Systole Contraction phase of the heartbeat.
Testis (Plural: Testes) Male gonads that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone.
Tetralogy of Fallot Congenital heart condition involving four abnormalities occurring together
Varicocele Enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle.
Vas Deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra. Also called ductus deferens.
Vasectomy Bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens. Used to sterilize a male and kills all sperm cells
Created by: itsdelis
 

 



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