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Ancient Greece

vocabulary

TermDefinition
crete greek island southeast of mainland
peloponnesus a peninsula in southern greece
peninsula a body of land with water on three sides
colony a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland
polis a tiny independent country
agora an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place
sparta one of the most powerful city states in ancient greece, focused on military
athens one of the most powerful city states in ancient greece, focused on trade, culture, and democracy
tyrant someone who takes power by force
oligarchy a few people hold power
democracy all citizens share in running the government
helot captive workers, helot meaning capture
solon noble man who canceled all the farmers debts , and freed slaves
piesistraus tyrant that divided large estates among landless farmers and loaned money to the poor and gave them jobs
clesthenes leader who reorganized the assembly and created a new council of 500 citizens to help the assembly
persia huge empire that was thought to be all of the world
marathon first battle against athens ans persia, athens won, athenian runner ran 26 miles to say victory, that created a marathon today
thermopylae second battle against greece and persia, persia won. thermopylae means hot gates
salamis third battle against greece and persia, greeks won because their boats could maneuver better
plataeu last battle against greecs and persia, greeks won and persia fled back to asia minor
satrapies 20 states that divided the persian empire
satraps officials who ruled the 20 states
zoroastrinism persian religion, believes in one god, teaches that people have the right to choose right or wrong
darius king of persia who made the government better
xerxes daruis son and vowed revenge against greece and led three battles
philosopher thinkers who ponder questions about life
delos greek island in the southern agean sea
pericles general who guided athens for more than 30 years and helped dominate the delian league
aspasia athenian woman who was well educated and taught public speaking to many people
Created by: 9oscar9