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Blood & Lymphatic

Blood & Lymphatic System: Abbreviations, Terms, Definitions

TermDefinition
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ALL Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
AML Acute Myeloid Leukemia
BMT Bone Marrow Transplant
CBC Complete Blood Count
CML Chronic Myeloid Luekemia
DIC Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy
EBV Epstein-Barr Virus
ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Hct Hematocrit
Hgb Hemoglobin
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HSM Hepatosplenomegaly
HUS Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
INR International Normalized Ratio
ITP Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
IV Intravenous
IVIG Intravenous Immunoglobin
LAD Lymphadenopathy
NCAT No Cervical Adenopathy or Tenderness
PTL Platelet count
PT Prothrombin Time
PTT Partial Thromboplastin Time
RBC Red Blood Count
WBC White Blood Count
COAGUL/O COAGULATION Ability to form a clot.
THROMB/O CLOT
HEM/O, HEMAT/O BLOOD
CYT/O CELL (Jar or basket)
LEUK/O WHITE
PHLEB/O, VEN/O VEIN
LYMPH/O LYMPH (Water or spring)
MYEL/O BONE MARROW; SPINE (The innermost part)
EMIA BLOOD CONDITION
TONSILL/O TONSILS (Almond)
SPLEN/O SPLEEN
THYM/O THYMUS
IMMUN/O IMMUNE SYSTEM
PENIA DEFICIENCY
ANEMIA REDUCTION OF RBC'S; WEAKNESS & FATIGUE
IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA LOW LEVEL OF IRON; DECREASED PRODUCTION OF RBC'S
POLYCYTHEMIA PAW-lee-sih-THEE-mee-ah POLY (many) / CYT (cell) / HEMIA (blood condition) EXCESS OF RBC'S
POIKILOCYTOSIS POI-kih-loh-sai-TOH-sis POIKILO (various) / CYT (cell) / OSIS (condition) CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY RBC'S VARIETY OF SHAPES
REPERFUSION INJURY INJURY TO TISSUE OCCURING AFTER BLOOD FLOW IS RESTORED
HEMATOPOIESIS heh-MAH-toh-poh-EE-sis HEMATO (blood) / POESIS (formation) FORMATION OF BLOOD CELLS
RETICULOCYTE reh-TIK-yoo-loh-SAIT RETICULO (net) / CYTE (cell) IMMATURE RBC'S; NETLIKE APPEARANCE
ANTIBODY AN-tih-BAW-dee SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY BODY IN RESPONSE TO AN ANTIGEN
ANTIGEN AN-th-JIN SUBSTANCE THAT CAUSES BODY TO PRODUCE ANTIBODIES
AUTO IMMUNE DISEASE CAUSED BY IMMUNE SYSTEM ATTACKING ITSELF
IMMUNOCOMPROMISED IMMUNE SYSTEM IS INCAPABLE OF RESPONDING NORMALLY AND COMPLETELY TO A PATHOGEN OR DISEASE
IMMUNODEFICIENCY AN IMMUNE SYSTEM WITH DECREASED OR COMPROMISED RESPONSE TO DISEASE CAUSING ORGANISMS
IMMUNOSUPPRESSION A REDUCTION IN ACTIVITY OF THE BODY'S IMMUNE SYSTEM
ISCHEMIA ih-SKEE-mee-ah ISCH (hold back) / EMIA (blood condition) BLOCKAGE OF BLOOD FLOW TO AN ORGAN
APLASTIC ANEMIA CAUSED BY RBC'S NOT BEING FORMED IN SUFFICIENT QUANTITIES
HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA CAUSED BY DESTRUCTION OF RBC'S
LEUKEMIA loo-KEE-mee-ah LEUK (white) / EMIA (blood condition) CANCER OF BLOOD OR BONE MARROW; ABNORMAL INCREASE IN WBC'S
APHERESIS AH-fer-EE-sis (separation) A PROCESS SIMILAR TO DIALYSIS THAT DRAWS OUT THE BLOOD, REMOVES SOMETHING FROM IT AND RETURNS TO PATIENT.
CYTAPHERESIS SAI-tah-fer-EE-sis CYT (cell) / APHERESIS (separation) APHERESIS TO REMOVE CELLULAR MATERIAL
HEMATURIA BLOOD IN URINE
HEMOPTYSIS COUGHING UP BLOOD
EPISTAXIS NOSEBLEED
BILIRUBINEMIA BIH-lee-ROO-bin-EE-mee-ah BILI (bile) / RUBIN (red) / EMIA (blood condition) PRESENCE OF BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD
BILIRUBIN RED BILE DERIVED FROM RBC'S THAT COMPLETED THEIR LIFE SPAN; SECRETED VIA LIVER INTO DIGESTIVE TRACT
LYTIC BREAKDOWN OF;
Created by: MCasler