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A&PII Final

Final Preop A&PII

QuestionAnswer
the cellular processes of neurons that provide receptive surfaces for input from other neurons are dendrites
within the meninges cerebrospinal fluid occupies the subarachnoid space
the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid is usually measured by introducing a hallow needle between the lumbar vertebrae into the subarachnoid space
amphetamines have stimulating effects on the nervous system because they release norepinephrine
the cardiac and vasomotor center are located in the medulla oblongata
during an action potential depolarization occurs as a result of sodium ions diffusing to the inside of the cell membrane
the olfactory receptors are examples of chemoreceptors
the visual disturbance and limb numbness a person with a migraine experience is probably caused by blood flow deficient
anosmia is a loss of smell
the auditory ossicles are located in the middle ear
which of the following would cause a form of conductive hearing impairment torn tympanic membrane
which of the following correctly lists parts through which light passes as in enters the eye cornea aqueous humor lens vitreous humor
glaucoma caused by accumulation of aqueous humor
referred pain occurs when the brain projects the sensation back to the original source in the body which the pain originated true of false false
pain sensations arising from visceral organs may be caused by the stretching of tissue true or false true
a synapse is the functional connection between 2 neurons true or false true
a deficiency of calcium in the body can result in involuntary muscle contractions true or false true
a nerve is a single neuron true or false false
hormone concentrations are regulated by levels of substances in the blood only
which of the following is secreted by neurosecretory cells in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland antidiuretic hormone
which of the following hormones exerts its effect primarily on the reproductive organs follicle-stimulating hormone
diabetes insipidus is caused by a lack of ADH
throxine increases the rate at which proteins are synthesized
the secretion of parathyroid hormone is controlled primarily by the plasma calcium concentration
an example of a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla is epinephrine
insulin causes a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose
the uvula is a projection of the soft palate
salivary amylase digests carbohydrates
the parietal cells of gastric gland secrete hydrochloric acid
gallstones are usually composed of cholesterol
during the defecation reflex the diaphragm lowers
the movement of chime through the small intestine is increased by parasympathetic impulses true or false true
cancer patients often develop endocrine disorders because cancer cells sometimes secrete hormones inappropriately
the secretion of hormones from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is largely controlled by releasing hormones from the hypothalamus
growth hormone does promotes movement of amino acids into cells increases rate of cell division increase rate of fat metabolism promotes bone growth
growth hormone release is stimulated by growth hormone releasing hormone
the hormone that decreases the plasma calcium concentration is calcitonin
cretinism is caused by hypothyroidism
a person with an abnormally high metabolic rate who is underweight and has protruding eyes is hyperthyroidism
the neurons that stimulate secretions from cells of the adrenal medulla are best described as sympathetic neurons
parathyroid hormone stimulates osteoclast activity
a hiatal hernia is due to weakness of the diaphragm
which of the following is a protein splitting enzyme found in pancreatic juice trypsin
gastrin which stomach cells secrete increases the secretion by gastric glands
which of the following is normally included in completely reabsorbed threshold substances protein
which of the following best describes the concentration level in the blood where glucose will be completely reabsorbed from the urine less than 180 mg/dl
which of the following urine specimens is usually requested when quantitative tests are needed for different substances 24 hour
which of the following are significant crystals that need to be documented uric acid
which of the following indicates the parts of a renal tubule in the correct sequence from the beginning to end proximal convoluted tubule descending limb of the nephron loop ascending limb of the nephron loop distal convoluted tubule
reabsorption of glucose occurs primarily through the walls of the proximal convoluted tubule
as a result of excessively low arterial blood pressure glomerular hydrostatic pressure drops and filtration decreases
if a substance is transported from the fluid of the renal tubule into the plasma of the peritubular capillary it is said to be reabsorbed
water intoxication is caused by hypotonic extracellular fluid
ingestion of too much sodium bicarbonate to relieve indigestion may lead to metabolic alkalosis
the primary regulator of water intake is the mechanism of thirst true of false true
the tuft of capillaries located between the afferent and efferent arterioles is the glomerulus true or false true
when the concentration of water in the body fluids increases the secretion of ADH increases true or false false
women athletes sometimes experience disturbances in their reproductive cycles because of increased secretion of adrenal androgens, decreased secretion of adrenal androgens, increased synthesis of estrogens, decreased synthesis of estrogens: NONE OF THE ABOVE
following ovulation the follicular of the ovary enlarge to form a structure called corpus luteum T or F true
the fertilization of an egg occurs in the uterine tube t or f true
the primary sex organs of the male reproductive system are the testes T or F true
the primary function of surfactant is to increase surface tension in the newborns lungs T or F false
the tightly coiled tube that leads to the ductus deferens is the epididymis
a pap smear is used to detect abnormal cells in the cervix
the foramen ovale is an opening that allows fetal blood to pass from the right atrium to the left atrium
the hormone mainly responsible for the development and maintenance of female secondary characteristics is estrogen
dizygotic twins result from the combination of two egg cells and two sperm cells
drugs ingested by a pregnant woman most likely reach the fetus by passing through the placental membrane
a complication of the STD gonorrhea and chlamydia is PID t or f true
Created by: B00389022