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Christian/Byzantine

Rise of Christianity, Byzantine Empire, Russia, and Mongols VA/SOL

TermDefinition
Christianity Believers and followers of Jesus Christ and his teachings
Roman Catholic Division or Sect of Christianity that was in Western Europe and followed the leadership of the Pope
Eastern Orthodox Division or Sect of Christianity that was in Eastern Europe and Western Asia; Part of the Byzantine Empire, led by a Patriarch
Sacraments The processes and rituals of Christian religion like Baptism, Communion, Confession, Confirmation, Marriage, and Last Rites
Icons Images of sacred and holy objects and people of Christianity used in prayer and church services
Pope Leader of the Roman Catholic Church; gives power to kings and emperors
Patriarch Leaders of the Eastern Orthodox Church; share power with the emperor
Eastern Roman Emperor Absolute leaders of the Byzantine Empire; political and religious head
Greek language spoken in the East and Eastern Orthodox Church
Latin language spoken in the West and Roman Catholic Church
Germanic Barbarians Tribes of people which destroyed the Western Roman Empire and Rome; Convert to Christianity and settle in new areas
Mongols Ethnic group from Asia who created a great and vast empire; nomadic people with out a city
Slav Original ethnic group of people who settle Russia and Eastern Europe
Justinian Eastern Roman Emperor who set out to remake and reconquer the Roman Empire; married to Theodora; were absolute rulers
Rome City in Italy which served as the head of the Roman Catholic Church; former capital of the Roman Empire, brought down by barbarians
Constantinople Capital of the Byzantine Empire; original name Byzantium and renamed after himself, Constantine; crossroad of trade and commerce for three continents
Hagia Sophia Church of Holy Wisdom; grandest church in the Byzantine Empire located in Constantinople.
St. Basil's Cathedral Largest Church in Russia, located in Moscow, known for its color and onion domes
Cyrillic Language which is a mix between Latin and Greek; created for the Slav people so they can translate and read a Bible.
Iconoclasts People who were against the use of Icons and would smash them apart in churches
Justinian Plague Plague or sickness that came about from 370-740 CE; traveled through the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire and Western Europe
Greek Fire Mixture of chemicals which was used to protect Constantinople from attack; would burn on water
Onion Domes cultural diffusion from Byzantine; a dome with a point and made to be taller domes than Rome
Volga/Dnieper Rivers in Eastern Europe and Russia which allowed for trade with Constantinople
Mission Duty of Christians to spread and convert people to Christianity
Greco-Roman The knowledge of the Greek civilization and Roman civilization preserved by the Byzantines and passed to other civilizations
Code of Justinian Byzantine Empire's laws which had more than 400 laws and made the basis of European and American law codes today
Kiev First city-state and kingdom of Russia which Vladimir ruled from and had cultural diffusion from the Byzantine Empire
Stained Glass New building material used to make the inside of churches light up
Mosiac artwork which has tiny glass, metal, or colored pieces which come together into one picture.
New Testament Second half of the Christian Bible which describes the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
Commerce another word for trade and is associated with large amounts and sums of money
Moscow Russia's largest city where Ivan the Great ruled and kicked the Mongols out of Russia; 4 rivers meet here to make it great for trade
Turks The Islamic/Muslim people who invaded and took over Asia Minor and Constantinople, renaming the city to Istanbul
Clergy The organization of the Christian Church with a Pope or Patriarch as its head, followed by bishops, and priests
Absolute leaders Leaders who control social, political, economic, and religious aspects of their lands and civilizations
Ivan the Great Russian king who got rid of the Mongol Empire from Eastern Europe and Russia; was an absolute ruler
Created by: nadzendz