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MDVL EURPE TEST 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian World Civ Ch. 9 Flashcards 2018

QuestionAnswer
Explain how "crop rotation" works. In this system, farmers leave a part of their field "fallow" (meaning they do not plant anything on part of their land) so that nutrients would have time to return to the soil. (Pgs. 334 & 335)
What was the "Rule of Saint Benedict"? This was the name of the set of rules that monks lived by in monasteries first created by St. Benedict.
What does the term "abbesses" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the title given to nuns who run convents. (Pg. 306)
What does the term "vassal" mean/ refer to? This term means "a man who served a lord in a military capacity". (Pg. 310)
What does the term "knights" mean/ refer to? This term is the name given to armored cavalry soldiers during the Medieval Period. (Pg. 310)
What does the term "fief" mean/ refer to? This term is the name given to the "grant of land made to a vassal" during the Medieval Period. (Pg. 310)
What does the term "chivalry" mean/ refer to? This term relates to the name given to the code of conduct used by nobles during the Medieval Period. (Pg. 313)
What does the term "Magna Carta" mean/ refer to? This term means the "Great Charter". (Pg. 318)
What was the purpose of writing the "Magna Carta"? The purpose of this was to "give written recognition to the fact that . . . a monarch's (a king or queen's) power was limited, not absolute". (Pg. 318)
What three (3) groups made up the various "estates" that created the French Parliament in 1302? 1.) The Clergy (i.e. the Pope and other religious leaders); 2.) Nobles; 3.) the Townspeople. (Pg. 319)
What was the name of the capital of the Byzantine Empire? The capital of this empire was Constantinople. (Pg. 322)
What was the main purpose of the Crusades? The main reason that these took place was to ". . . liberate the Holy Land from the Muslims." (Pg. 325)
Who encouraged Europeans to begin the Crusades and how did they do it? The person who encouraged this was Pope Urban II. He did this by telling anyone who would listen that, ". . . All who die . . . shall have immediate remission (forgiveness) of sins." (Pg. 325)
What does the term "manor" mean/ refer to? This term was the name given to "an agricultural estate that a lord ran and that peasants worked." (Pg. 336)
What does the term "serfs" mean/ refer to? This term was the title given to peasants who were legally bound to the land that their lords had given them to work. (Pg. 336)
What does the term "commercial capitalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an economic system in which people invested in trade and goods to make profits". (Pg. 338)
Explain who the earliest cities were created (in general). Tribes of extended family members began moving closer to churches to more easily take part in social events there. Later, they began building permanent houses near the place that merchants would visit each year. (Class Notes.)
What does the term "guilds" mean/ refer to? This term was the name given to "business organizations". (Pg. 341)
What does the term "heresy" mean? This term means "the denial of basic church doctrines (or rules)." (Pg. 346)
Explain what the Inquisition was. This was the name given to a court created by the Catholic Church to hold trials of people who were accused of heresy. (Pg. 346)
What are "relics"? These are bones or other objects connected with Saints. (Pg. 347)
What does the term "theology" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the study of religion and God". (Pg. 350)
What does the term "scholasticism" mean/ refer to? This term relates to the philosophical and theological system that tried to reconcile faith and reason (to show that what was accepted on faith was in harmony with what could be learned through reason)." (Pg. 350)
What was "The Great Schism"? This was an event during which the Catholic Church had 2 Popes (when it is only supposed to have one), which caused a split. France and its allies were on one side and England and its allies were on the other. (Pg. 355)
Why did Emperor Justinian build such a huge cathedral - the Hagia Sophia? He did this because he wanted to be thought of in Biblical terms.
What was the "primary emphasis" of the day according to "Benedict's Rule"? Prayer & manual labor.
List three (3) serious problems that Emperor Justinian had with maintaining the Eastern Roman Empire 1.) Too much far flung territory to protect; 2.) An empty treasury; 3.) Renewed threats to its frontiers.
What is one (1) of the important roles that aristocrat women could play in Medieval Europe? Manage the estate when their husband was away.
What was the "crucial social bond" among Germanic peoples? Family.
Created by: sticklerpjpII