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Endocrine system lau

TermDefinition
Hormones Chemical messengers secreted by glands
Target tissues Tissues which interact with a given specific hormone
Hyposecretion Under secretion of a hormone by a gland
Oxytocin Hormones of the posterior pituitary which stimulates contractions of the uterus and lactation (get it out hormone)
Gondatropic Hormones which stimulates Gonad function hormone
Thyroxine T4, thyroid hormone which increases metabolic rate
Triodothyronine T3, another thyroid hormone which increases metabolic rate
Calcitonin Thyroid hormone which lowers blood calcium level
Insulin Hormones secreted by beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas to lower blood glucose levels
Glucagon Hormones secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas to increase blood glucose levels
Epinephrine Adrenaline
Negative feedback The self regulating control mechanism for hormones
Diabetes insipidus Condition where there is a hyposecretion of ADH (excessive urination)
Giantism Condition produced by hyperecretion of GH in childhood
Acromegaly Condition produced by hypersecretion of GH in adulthood; bones of the hands, feet, face increase in diameter
Myxedema Condition of hyperthyroidism in adulthood
Cretinism Condition of hypothyroidism in childhood which can produce mental and physical retardation
Diabetes Mellitus A group of disorders characterized by pancreatic disfunction (type 1, type 2)
Hyperglycemia High blood glucose levels
Insulin shock Condition of extremely low blood glucose levels due to an overdose of insulin
Steroids Fat soluble hormones which are small enough to pass though the cell membrane
Glucocorticoid hormones A group of steroid hormones which are secreted by the adrenal cortex and help to regulate blood glucose levels
Addison's disease Condition of hyposecretion of aldosterone and cortisol
Thymus Gland that aids in the immune system
ACTH Adrenocorticoptropic hormone
Hormones of the anterior pituitary ACTH (stimulates the cortex of the adrenal glands), FSH/LH female, FSH/ICSH male, Growth Hormone (GH), Prolactin, TSH, MSH
Hormones of the posterior pituitary ADH, Oxytocin
Thyroid hormones T3,T4, Calcitonin
Parathyroid hormones PTH
Thymus gland hormones Thymosin (helps in development of WBC's)
Pineal gland hormones Melatonin
Adrenal cortex hormones Cortisol (affects glucose metabolism), Adosterone (regulates mineral electrolytes NA & K, Sex hormones (Testosterone, estrogens, progestins)
Adrenal medulla hormones Epinephrine (adrenaline), Norepinephrine (fight or flight hormones)
Pancreatic hormones Glucagon, insulin
FSH Follicle stimulating hormone. Stimulates development of eggs in the overies
LH Lutenizing hormone. Causes ovulation
Prolactin Stimulates the production of milk in the female
ADH Anti-Diuretic Hormone. Promotes reabsorption of water in kidneys
Oxytocin Causes contractions of the uterus and milk ejection from breasts
Sex glands Ovaries and testes, produce sex cells (eggs and sperm), produce hormones testosterone (male-deep voice and facial hair development), estrogen (female- breast and reproductive development), progesterone (female-assist in normal pregnancy)
Created by: Laurenpinky1997
 

 



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