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Chapter 30

Revolutions and Nationalism (Post WWI)

TermDefinition
Proletariat In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
Bolsheviks A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
Vladimir Lenin Russian revolutionary. He was the leader of the Bolsheviks, and worked to overthrow the czar. He is known as the "Father of the Revolution"
Rasputin Mysterious adviser to Czar Nicholas that claimed to have healing powers. He was able to ease Nicholas's son's hemophilia, a life threatening disease. He was given high advisory positions because of this ability
Provisional Government A temporary government
Soviet One of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas II
Communist Party A political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin; Originally the Russian Bolshevik Party
Joseph Stalin Leader of the Communist Party in Russia. He was a cold and ruthless leader that would lead Russia as a dictator.
Totalitarianism Government control over every aspect of public and private life
Great Purge A campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930s, in which Joseph Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power
Command Economy An economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions
Five-Year Plan Plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union's economy
Collective Farm A large government-controlled farm formed by combining many small farms
Kuomintang The Chinese Nationalist Party, formed after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912
Sun Yixian First great leader of the Kuomintang . Worked to establish a modern government in China by promoting nationalism , democracy, and economic stability.
May Fourth Movement A nationalist protest in China in 1919, in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interference
Mao Zedong Leader of the Communist party in China. Believed he would be able to bring revolution to rural China
Jiang Jieshi Leader of the Kuomintang following Sun Yixian's death in 1925. Promised democracy and political rights, but did not give the people these. Many Chinese turned to Communism as a result
Long March A 6000 mile journey made in 1934-1935 by Chinese Communists fleeing from Jiang Jieshi's Nationalist Forces
Rowlatt Acts Laws passed in 1919 that allowed the British government in India to jail anti-British protestors without trial for as long as two years
Amritsar Massacre Killing by British troops of nearly 400 Indians gathered at Amritsar to protest the Rowlatt Acts
Mohandas Gandhi Leader of the Indian independence movement. Based his strategy on religious, peaceful protest rather than violence
Civil Disobedience A deliberate and public refusal to obey a law considered unjust
Salt March A peaceful protest against the Salt Acts in 1930 in India in which Mohandas Gandhi led his followers on a 240-mile walk to the sea, where they made their own salt from evaporated seawater
Created by: tj03tayl