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Chapter 29

The Great War (WWI)

Militartism A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Triple Alliance A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm II German ruler that overthrew Bismarck. Wanted to display to the world the power of a fully united Germany. He wanted to destroy France
Triple Entente A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding WWI
Central Powers In WWI, the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with other nations that fought on their side
Allies In WWI, the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Western Front In WWI, the region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battles each other
Schlieffen Plan Germany's military plan at the outbreak of WWI, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia
Trench Warfare A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
Eastern Front In WWI, the region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare The use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in enemy's waters
Total War A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the ear effort
Rationing The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy-often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are in short supply
Propaganda Information or material spread to advance or a cause or or to damage an opponent's cause
Armistice An agreement to stop fighting
Woodrow Wilson President of the United States and member of the Big Four. His Fourteen Points were incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles
Georges Clemenceau French king and member of the Big Four. Did not agree with Wilson's Fourteen Points and wanted to punish Germany more severely
Fourteen Points A series of proposals in which US President Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after WWI
Self-Determination The freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
Treaty of Versailles The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after WWI
League of Nations An international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among nations
Created by: tj03tayl