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WH folk sem 2

World History Semester 2 Terms

QuestionAnswer
Opium War a conflict between Britain and China lasting from 1839-1842
Taiping Rebellion A mid-19 century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Sphere of Influence A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Open Door Policy A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
Boxer Rebellion 1900 rebellion in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
Treaty of Kanagawa an 1854 agreement between the US and Japan which opened two Japanese ports to US ships and allowed the US to set up an embassy in Japan
Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
Annexation the adding of a foreign region to territory of an existing political unit
Caudillos a military dictator of a Latin American country
Monroe Doctrine a US policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by pres. James Monroe in 1823
Jose Marti A writer who had been exiled, returned to fight for Cuban independence
Spanish American War A 1898 conflict between the US and Spain in which the US supported Cubans fight for independence
Panama Canal A man-made waterway connecting the US and opened in 1914
Roosevelt Corollary FDR 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the US had the right to exercise “police power” throughout the western hemisphere
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Played a leading role in Mexico’s fight for independence from Spain in 1821
Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Kaiser Wilhelm II German ruler during WWI
Triple Entente Britain, France, and Russia
Schieffen Plan defeat France and then attack Russia
Central Powers Ottomans, Germany, Bulgaria, Austria-Hungary
Allies Great Britain, France, Russia, Japan
Trench Warfare fighting in a dugout/ ditch
Eastern Front Russians/Serbs v. Ottomans/Turks
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Germans would sink any ship without warning
Propaganda one-sided information designed to persuade
Woodrow Wilson President of US, designed 14 points
14 Points plan for achieving lasting peace
Self-Determination allow people to decide what gov’t to live under
League of Nations international association to keep peace in the world
Alexander II 1881 czar, believed in “autocracy, orthodoxy, and nationality
Trans-Siberian Railway world’s longest continuous rail line
Bolsheviks small numbers of revolutionaries who wanted radical change
Lenin Leader of Bolsheviks
Duma Russia’s first parliament
Rasputin self-described holy man, spread corruption throughout court
Soviets local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers
Joseph Stalin worst ruler of Russia, known as “man of steel”
Totalitarianism total control of every aspect of public and private life
Command Economy system where government controls all economic decisions
Great Purge campaign of terror, crimes against the soviet state
Socialist Realism praised soviet life and communist values
Kuomintang Nationalist party led by Sun Yixian
Mao Zedong schoolteacher, leader of communist movement
Chiang Kai-shek known as Jiang Jieshi, new leader of nationalist party
Long March communist effort to evade the nationalists
Mohandas Gandhi leader of the Indian independence movement
Civil disobedience deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law
Albert Einstein scientist who developed theory of relativity
Sigmund Freud Australian physician who believed human behavior was irrational
Friedrich Nietzsche reason, democracy, and progress hindered creativity
Surrealism art movement that linked world of dreams with real life
Frank Lloyd Right architect who developed functionalism
Emma Goldman spoke in favor of birth control
Charles Lindbergh 33 hour flight from New York to Paris
KDKA first commercial radio station
Coalition Government temporary alliance of several parties
Weimar Republic German democratic republic set up in 1919
Dawes Plan gave 200 million to stabilize German mark and help economy
Black Tuesday the low of the great depression, 16million stocks sold
Franklin D. Roosevelt president who called for government intervention to help people
New Deal public works project to provide jobs for unemployed people
Benito Mussolini Italian physicist leader, aka II Duce
Adolf Hitler German leader wrote Mein Kempf aka de Fuhrer
Appeasement giving into an aggressor to keep peace
Access powers Germany, Italy, Japan
Isolationism political ties to other countries should be avoided
Munich Conference allowed Germany to take over Sudetenland
Nonaggression Pact Germany & Russia wouldn’t attack each other & split Poland
Blitzkrieg “lightning war”
Maginot Line French fortifications along German Border
Sitzkrieg “sitting war”
Ardennes heavily wooded area in France & Luxemburg
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister said, “we shall never surrender”
Operation Sea Lion 1940, knock out RAF & then storm England w/ soldiers
Battle of Britain fighting between England & Germany which destroyed London
Operation Barbarossa 1941, German invasion of Russia
Atlantic Charter FDR & Churchill meeting, upheld free trade & democracy
Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941, ”…date which will live in infamy”
Battle of Midway turning point of the Pacific Theater
Douglas MacArthur Pacific commander of Allied forces, wanted to “island-hop”
Holocaust mass genocide of the Jews
Kristallnacht Nazis destroy Jewish businesses & murdered 100 Jews
Erwin Rommel “Desert Fox” German general in Africa
Bernard Montgomery British general in Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower US general who led Operation Torch
Battle of Stalingrad 1942, Russian battle, USSR refused to surrender city
D-Day June 6, 1944, Operation Overload, allies landed in France
Battle of the Bulge Final push of German army against the Allies
Manhattan Project developed the atom bomb
Nuremburg Trials world court tried Nazis for ear crimes
Demilitarization disarming of country
Created by: NatBean