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Chapter 8 Ottoman

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Ghazis warriors for the Islam faith
Ottomans the Westerners referred Osman and his descendants as this
Sultan arabic for ruler
Janissaries boys converted to Islam and trained elite soldiers
Mehmed II sultan of the Ottoman empire from 1444 to 1446 and again from 1451 to 1481, he was a strong military leader who conquered the Byzantine capital of Constantinople
Suleyman I sultan of the Ottoman empire from 1520 to 1566, he expanded the empire and took on a large economic and political role in the affairs of Europe and the Mediterranean
Shah persian tittle or king of the Safavid Empire
Abbas shah of the Safavid empire in Persia from 1588 to 1629, his military victories against the Ottomans and skilled administration brought about a golden age in Safavid history
Babur founder of the Mughal empire of India, he invaded Afghanistan and India and established and empire there
Mughal Empire known for their wealth and power, was Indias first Muslim empire and were one of the greatest civilizations
Akbar the Great Mughal emperor of India, he ruled from 1556 to 1605 and continued the policy of conquest put in place under regent Barium Khan, enlarging his empire to include nearly all of the Indian Peninsula north of the Godavari River
Sikhism founded by Guru Nanak, blended elements of both Islam and Hinduism
Shah Jahan Mughal emperor of India from 1628 to 1658, under his rule, Mughal power reached its height and his age was the golden period of Muslim art and architecture
Taj Mahal built during Shah Jahans reign, designed by Persian architects and displaying elements of Indian, Persian, and Muslim architectural styles. Built as a tomb for his wife.
Aurangzeb Mughal emperor of India, he expanded Mughal power to its greatest extant, however his efforts to impose his strict religious views helped undermine Mughal rule
Created by: averygarris