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Unit 8 Vocabulary

Industrial Revolution - Imperialism

Industrial Revolution the shift, beginning in England during the 18th century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine.
Industrialization the development of industries for the machine production of goods
Crop Rotation the system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land.
Urbanization the growth of cities and the migration of people into them
Capitalism an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
Entrepreneur a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
Laissez Faire the idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and businesses.
Union an association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages
Strike to refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
Socialism an economic and social system in which the government owns and controls the means of production (as factories) and distribution of goods
Communism an economic system in which all means of production - land, mines, factories, businesses, etc., are owned by the people, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally.
Imperialism a policy in which a strong nation seeks go dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.
Annexation the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit
Social Darwinism the application of Charles Darwin's idea about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as justification for imperialist expansion.
Created by: Mrs. Krieger