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Cumulative SS - #1

Vocabulary for 6th Grade Social Studies - #1

TermDefinition
culture The way of life for a group of people at a particular time.
primary source Evidence or an artifact directly from the place or time period.
artifacts A simple object made by someone in the past.
architecture The way buildings are planned and made.
irrigation A system used to carry water from a river to where it needed to go.
pre-history Before written records were kept.
history A time when written records were kept.
surplus More of something than is needed.
specialization Someone who trains to do a particular kind of work.
drought A long period of time without rain; dry weather.
barter To trade.
hieroglyphics A form of written language used by the ancient Egyptians.
Rosetta Stone A stone found in Egypt that decodes hieroglyphics.
code of laws A written set of laws that apply to everyone of a government.
Ziggurat A temple where the people of Mesopotamia worshipped gods and goddesses.
polytheism The belief in many gods.
monotheism The belief in one god.
Equator The 0 degrees Latitude line.
Prime Meridian The 0 degrees Longitude line.
patricians noble wealthy people
plebeians Farmers, craftsmen and merchants in ancient Rome.
Republic Citizens vote on representatives to speak for them.
Trial by jury A case where a group of people decide innocence or guilt.
Socrates Greek Philosopher who challenged people on how they lived. He was sentenced to death.
Aristotle Greek Philosopher and teacher of Alexander the Great.
Himalayas The world's highest mountain range.
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama founded; end suffering; don't want anything; a way to live, not a religion.
city-state A self-governing city.
Hammurabi The king of Babylon.
Abraham The founder of Judaism.
Hammurabi's Code The oldest set of laws known to exist, which was made up of 282 laws. The code was carved in stone for all to see and read.
Yellow River A major river found in the northern part of China.
Yangtze River A major river found in the southern part of China.
Nile River A major river found in Egypt.
Po River A major river found in the northern part of Italy.
Tiber River A major river found in the central part of Italy near Rome.
veto The power to reject a bill passed by a legislature. It means "I forbid".
Punic Wars A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage; resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Forum Rome's public meeting place.
Etruscans First rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization.
Roman citizenship All adult male landowners in ancient Rome.
Romulus and Remus In Roman legend, they were twins who were rescued and raised by a wolf. One of them killed the other one and built Rome.
silt fertile soil
Vassal Someone in feudal times who received protection and land from a lord in return for allegiance and performing military and other duties.
BCE Before the Common Era - also known as B.C. or before the birth of Christ.
CE Common Era - also known as A.D. which stands for Anno Domini, which is Latin for "year of our Lord," and it means the number of years since the birth of Jesus Christ.
Euphrates River A major river found in the western part of Mesopotamia.
Tigris River A major river found in the eastern part of Mesopotamia.
Twelve Tables First law code for the Romans written on bronze tablets displayed in the Forum.
Absolute monarchy Ruled by a king or queen.
Acropolis Highest hill in any Greek city-state. Where many important buildings were, including government buildings and temples. In Athens, it was the home of the Parthenon
adapt To change your behavior so that it is easier to live in a particular place or situation. EX: The ancient Egytians wore clothes made out of linen to be able to stay cool in the hot climate.
agriculture The cultivating of the soil, producing of crops, and raising of livestock.
Alexander the Great A ruler of Greece that conquered most of the ancient world, extending the civilization of Greece east to India.
allegiance Loyalty and obedience owed to one's country or government.
alliance A relationship in which people agree to work together.
Apostles One of the original 12 disciples chosen by Christ to preach his gospel.
aqueduct A large system for carrying water from one place to another.
Archaeology The scientific study of material remains (such as fossil relics, artifacts, and monuments of past human life and activities.
Aristocracy A form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an "upper class" known as aristocrats.
Assembly A governing body of plebeians in Roman society.
Athens The capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess); "in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world''s most powerful and civilized city".
Bible The sacred writings of the Christian religion.
Bureaucracy A large group of people who are involved in running a government but who are not elected.
Caesar Augustus The first Roman emperor; Julius Caesar's adopted son.
Calligraphy The writing of ancient China.
Caste system A class structure that is determined by birth. Used in ancient India.
Charlemagne One of the great leaders of the Middle Ages. He was King of the Franks and later became the Holy Roman Emperor.
chivalry The system of values (such as loyalty and honor) that knights in the Middle Ages were expected to follow.
Christianity A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus.
citizen A native member of a state or other political community.
civilization A particular society at a particular time and place.
clan A large family.
class People having the same social or economic status.
Cleopatra The last pharaoh of Egypt.
Clergy People that have been trained and approved for religious service. EX: priest
climate The average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period.
colony A group of people from one country who build a settlement in another territory, or land.
columns A tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure.
commerce The buying and selling of goods especially on a large scale and between different places : trade.
Confucianism The teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China.
Confucius A teacher in ancient China. He had very strict ideas of how people should behave. He believed everything in life had to be done a certain way.
conquest The act of getting/taking something by force.
Constitutional monarchy A country that is governed by a king or queen within laws which limit his or her power. EX: England
Consul Head of government under the Republic; There were two of these to make sure one did not gain too much power.
craftsmen A skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft.
dams A body of water confined by a barrier.
delta An area of land in which a river divides into smaller rivers and empties into a larger body of water.
Democracy A form of government ruled by the people.
depend To count on something or someone. EX: The ancient Egyptians depended on the flooding of the Nile.
desert Any large region that gets very little rain each year.
Dictator A ruler with unlimited power.
domesticated animals Tame animals or birds and which serve some purpose for its owner or others.
dynasty A family of rulers who rule over a country for a long period of time.
economy The system of how money is made and used within a particular country or region.
elite The people who have the most wealth and status in a society.
emperor The male ruler of an empire.
empire A group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government.
environment All the physical surroundings on Earth.
evolution Change over time.
Created by: Mrs_Trawinski