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Chapter 5

Neurology and psychiatry

cerebro- encephalo- brain
cerebello- cerebellum (mini brain)
lobo- lobe
cephalo- head
cranio- head, skull
meningo- meninges (membrane surrounding the spinal cord and brain)
duro- dura (tough outer layer surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
neuro- nerve
ganglio- nerve bundle
myelo- spinal cord, bone marrow
esthesio- feeling, sensation
phaso- speech
phreno- psycho- mind
somno- hypno- somni- sleep
gnosio- know
-mania excessive
-phobia fear or sensitivity
-asthenia weakness
anosmia lack of smell
causalgia painful sensation of burning
ysesthesia bad feeling
hyperasthesia increased sensation
parasthesia abnormal sensation, (numbness or tingling in the skin)
pseudesthesia false sensation
synesthesia condition where one feeling is experienced as another
acrophobia fear of heights
agoraphobia fear of outside
photophobia excessive sensitivity to light
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalogram
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
PET positron emission tomography
PNS peripheral nervous system
TIA transient ischemic attack
cerebral atherosclerosis hardening of an artery in the brain caused by buildup of fatty plaque
cerebral embolism blockage of a blood vessel cause by foreign object such as fat or bacteria
analgesic drug that relieves pain
anxiolytic drug that lessens anxiety
Created by: heathersutton87