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Chapter 27

The Age of Imperialism

Imperialism A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
Racism The belief that one race is superior to others
Social Darwinism The application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies-particularly as justification for imperialist expansion
Berlin Conference A meeting in 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa
Shaka Zulu chief that used great discipline and military organization with his warriors
Boer A Dutch colonist in South Africa
Boer War A conflict, lasting from 1899-1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa
Paternalism A policy of treating subjected people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving rights
Assimilation A policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subjected people to adopt its institutions and customs
Menelik II Ethiopian emperor that successfully resisted European colonization by playing the Italians, French, and British against one another
Geopolitics A foreign policy based on a consideration of the strategic locations or products of other lands
Crimean War A conflict, lasting from 1853-1856, in which the Ottoman Empire, with the aid of Britain and France, halted Russian expansion in the region of the Black Sea
Suez Canal A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Sepoy An Indian soldier serving under British command
"Jewel in the Crown" The British colony of India-so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both as a supplier of raw materials and as a market of British trade goods
Sepoy Mutiny An 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
Raj The British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947
Created by: tj03tayl