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Root Usually, but not always, indicate the body part involved
Combining Form A root word with a vowel (o) at the end so that the suffix beginning with a consonant can be added
Suffix Usually, but not always, indicates procedure, condition, disorder, disease
Prefix Usually, but not always, indicates location of body part, number or status. Always come at the beginning of the word
cyan/o means blue (skin discoloration caused by lack of oxygen)
erythr/o means red
leuk/o white
melan/o means black (unusual dark pigment in body tissue or organs)
poli/o means gray (viral infection of grey matter)
Path means disease
-algia means pain or suffering
-ology means study of
Gastr means stomach
-dynia means pain
-malacia means abnormal softening
-megaly means abnormal enlargement
-necrosis means tissue death
-sclerosis means abnormal hardening
-stenosis means abnormal narrowing
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-graphy process of producing a picture or record
-gram means picture or record
-plasty surgical repair
-scopy means visual examination
-rrhage sudden, severe bleeding
-rrhaphy surgical suturing (to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples or surgical glue)
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis means rupture
ab- means away from
ad- means towards or in the direction of
dys- means bad, difficult, or painful
eu- means good, normal, well, or easy
hyper- means excessive or increased
hypo- means deficient or decreased
inter- means between
intra- means within or inside
sub- means under, less or below
super-, supra- means above or excessive
ot/o means ear
laryng/o means larynx (throat)
arteri/o means artery
-al means pertaining to
-a (singular) ex: vertebra -ae (plural) ex: vertebrae
-ex or -ix (singular) ex: appendix -ices (plural) ex: appendices
-is (singular) ex: diagnosis -es (plural) ex: diagnoses
-itits (singular) ex: arthritis -ides (plural) ex: arthritides
-nx (singular) ex: phalanx -ges (plural) ex: phalanges
-on (singular) ex: ganglion -a (plural) ex: ganglia
-um (singular) ex: ovum -a (plural) ex: ova
-us (singular) ex: alveolus -i (plural) ex: alveoli
arther/o means plaque or fatty substance
-oma means tumor
-ectomy means surgical removal
append means appendix
-ostomy means surgical creation of an artificial opening
-otomy means cutting or surgical incision
Sign objective evidence
Symptom subjective evidence
prognosis prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
diagnosis identification of the disease
acute condition has a rapid onset, severe
chronic long duration
remission temporary disappearance of the symptoms without a cure
fissure groove or crack-like sore of the skin
fistula abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs
ileum last and longest part of the small intestine
illium hip bone (spelled with an i as in hip)
laceration is a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
lesion pathologic change of tissues due to injury of disease
myc/o fungus
-osis abnormal condition
myel/o bone marrow, also means spinal cord
my/o muscle
-ologist specialist
palpation examination technique uses hands to feel texture, size, consistency of the body
palpitation pounding or racing heart
prostate male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds urethra
prostrate to collapse and to be lying down flat or to be overcome with exhaustion
pyel/o renal pelvis, part of the kidney
py/o pus
pyr/o fever or fire (pyrosis/heartburn)
supination act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
suppuration formation or discharge of pus
triage medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
trauma wound or injury
vir virus or poison
virile having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male
Created by: lillianvcruz