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Chavez WH 33 Vocab

Ch 33

United Nations World organization formed to prevent war
Iron Curtain Division between Eastern and Western Europe during the Cold War
Containment Policy aimed at preventing the spread of communism
Truman Doctrine Policy of giving aid to countries threatened by communism
Marshall Plan Plan to give aid to European countries to help them recover from the war
Cold War State of tension and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II
NATO Military alliance including the United States, Canada, and several countries of Eastern Europe
Warsaw Pact Military alliance between the Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe
Brinkmanship Willingness on the part of the superpower to go to the brink, or edge, of war
Mao Zedong Communist leader who defeated the Nationalists and led the People's Republic of China
Jiang Jieshi Nationalist leader who set up a new government in Taiwan
Commune Large farm setup in China in which many families work the land and live together
Red Guards Young Chinese students who carried out the Cultural Revolution
Cultural Revolution Uprising in China between 1966 and 1976 that aimed to establish a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal
38th Parallel Line that separated North Korea and South Korea
Douglas MacArthur Leader of United Nations forces during the Korean War
Ho Chi Minh Vietnamese nationalist who drove the French out of Vietnam and who led North Vietnam
Domino Theory Theory that nations were like a row of dominoes; if one fell to communism, the others would fall, too
Vietcong Communist rebels in South Vietnam who were supported by North Vietnam
Ngo Dinh Diem Leader of the anticommunist government of South Vietnam
Vietnamization Nixon's plan for gradually withdrawing U.S. troops from Vietnam and replacing them with South Vietnamese troops
Khmer Rouge Communist rebels who set up a brutal government in Cambodia
Third World Developing nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
Nonaligned Nations Countries that did not take sides with either the United States or the Soviet Union
Fidel Castro Communist leader of Cuba
Anastasio Somoza Nicaraguan dictator
Daniel Ortega Leader of Communist rebels in Nicaragua
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Muslim leader who overthrew the Shah of Iran
Nikita Khrushchev Leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin
Leonid Brezhnev Soviet leader after Khrushchev
John F. Kennedy President of the United States from 1961-1963
Lyndon Johnson President of the United States from 1963-1969
D├ętente Policy to decrease tensions between the superpowers
Richard M. Nixon President of the United States from 1969-1974
SALT Talks to limit nuclear arms in the United States and the Soviet Union
Ronald Reagan President of the United States from 1981-1989
Alliance Union of people, groups, or nations to achieve common goals
Berlin airlift Flying of food and supplies into West Berlin by Britain and the United States to break a Soviet blockade
Blockade Act of cutting off one place from all others
Brink Edge
Cease-Fire End to fighting
Clashed Disagreed strongly
Collective Farms Large farms worked by many families
Counterattack To make a return attack
Fragile Delicate; easily broken
Guerrilla War Warfare carried out by small, independent groups, often acting secretly in and around their own towns and villages
Islam Religion with a belief in one god that developed in Arabia
Latitude A line that measures distance north or south from the earth's equator
Neutral Not choosing sides between any particular nations or groups
Political Unrest State of conflict over the government, its leaders, or its laws
Revive To bring back to life; to give new strength