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Chavez WH 32 Vocab

Ch 32

QuestionAnswer
Non Aggression Pact Agreement that says countries will not attack or invade one another
Blitzkrieg Warfare in which surprise air attacks are followed by massive attacks on land
Charles de Gaulle Leader of the French government-in-exile
Winston Churchill Leader of Britain
Battle of Britain Battle of British and German air forces fought over Britain during 1940-1941
Erwin Rommel German general who led troops in North Africa
Atlantic Charter Declaration of principles issued by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt in August 1941
Isoroku Yamamoto Japanese admiral who decided that the U.S. fleet in Hawaii had to be destroyed
Pearl Harbor Navy base in Hawaii attacked by the Japanese
Battle of Midway Sea and air battle in which American forces defeated Japanese forces near Midway Island in the Pacific
Douglas MacArthur U.S. general who commanded Allied forces in the Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal Six-month battle on the island of Guadalcanal in which American and Australian troops defeated Japanese defenders
Aryans Germanic peoples
Holocaust Systematic mass killing of Jews and other groups considered inferior by Nazis
Kristallnacht "night of Broken Glass," when Nazis attacked Jews throughout Germany
Ghettos Neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live
"Final Solution" Hitler's plan to kill as many Jews as possible
Genocide Systematic killing of an entire people
Dwight D. Eisenhower American general who helped drive the Germans out of Africa
Battle of Stalingrad Battle during which the Red Army forced the Germans out of Stalingrad
D-Day Huge Allied invasion mounted to retake France from the Germans
Battle of the Bulge Final large-scale attack by German troops that was forced back by the Allies
Kamikaze Japanese suicide pilots
Nuremberg Trials Trials of Nazi leaders charged with crimes against humanity, held in Nuremberg, Germany
Demilitarization Breaking down armed forces
Democratization Process of creating a government elected by the people
Concentration Camp Camp where enemies of the government and other people are held against their will, often under brutal conditions
Counterattack Attack made in response to an enemy's attack
Defenses Weapons used against, or readiness for, attack
Devastated Destroyed
Displaced Persons People driven from their homeland by war or internal upheaval
Escorting Traveling with for the sake of protection
Fleet Number of ships operating together under one command
Inmates Prisoners
Massive Huge Allied invasion mounted to retake France from the Germans
Morale Spirit
Persecuting Harassing with ill-treatment, especially because of race, religion, or beliefs
Rationed Limited the amount a person could have
Resistance Fighting back
Strategic Important or essential to a plan of action
Systematic Done according to a plan or system