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Chapter 7 Islam

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Bedouins nomadic Arab people, moved their herds between scattered oases
Muhammad prophet of Islam whom muslims recognize as Allah's messenger to all humankind. His teachings form the basis of Islam
Hegira Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Islam faith of fellow believers, means achieving peace through submission to God
Muslims the followers of Muhammad
Qur'an the sacred text of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam five basic acts of worship that are central to Islam and that Muhammad fulfilled
Mosque the building where Muslims worship
Jihad requirement for the devout Muslim, translated to "struggle for the faith"
Abu Bakr first muslim caliph, as a close companion and successor to Muhammad, he unified the restive Bedouin tribes of central Arabia into a strong fighting force that he led into Iraq and Syria
Caliph means successor
Caliphate area ruled by a caliph
Umayyad clan of Mecca, Uthman supported this
Sunnis followers of the Sunna or the way of the Prophet
Shia party of Ali
Sufis third group of Islam, they seek a mystical, personal connection with God
Abbasid a family that seized the opportunity of the weakened Umayyad disconnection
Harun al-Rashid fifth Abbasid caliph, under his rule, the Abbasid dynasty reached its height and Islamic culture experienced a flowering
Created by: averygarris