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Physical Examination

CMA110

TermDefinition
Range: Temperaure 97-99=Oral 96-98=Axillary 98-100=Rectal
Range: Pulse Rate 60-100
Range: Blood Pressure (BP) 90/60-140/90
Range: Respiration 12-20 Pulse Ax. 95% or greater (95%-99%)
Body Mass Index (BMI) Weight (lbs) x 703 ÷ Height (in) ²
lbs=kg 2.2 lbs per kg
Body Mass Index (BMI) Expresses the correlation between weight and height.
Lithotomy Patient assumes the dorsal recumbent position while feet are placed in stirrups. Buttocks are moved to the edge of the table and legs spread apart.
Height May be measured in inches or centimeters. Children are measured at each visit to monitor development.
Sitting Patient sits upright on the examination table, with legs dangling over the side.
Prone Patient lies flat on abdomen with head turned to the side. Arms may be flexed above the head or at the sides.
Supine Patient lies on back with arms at the side.
Sim's (Lateral) Patient lies on left side with left arm behind the body and right arm flexed forward.
Trendelenburg Patient lies supine with foot of table elevated.
Fowler's Patient sits on the exam table with the back supported at a 90 degree angle. Semi Fowler=The back is supported at a 45 degree angle.
Erect Patient stands upright with arms at sides and palms facing forward.
Prognosis Probable course and outcome of a condition including the prospects for recovery.
Weight Used to calculate pediatric medication dosages, diet and fetal development.
Mensuration The process of measuring HT, WT and BP. Typically includes body parts, movement and body fluid constituents. Head Circumference.
Physical Examination Detect disease or illness. Prevent exacerbation of conditions. Prerequisites: Employment. School. Athletics
Auscultation Using a stethoscope to listen to body cavities, especially the heart, lungs, and abdomen. Apical pulse.
Symptom Unobservable conditions and feelings experienced by the patient that indicate abnormality
Sign Observable or detectable characteristics or events that indicate abnormality
Genupectoral Patient assumes a kneeling position, buttocks elevated, head and chest resting on the table, and arms flexed above the head.
Jackknife (Reclining) Patient lies on back, shoulders elevated, knees flexed, and thighs flexed perpendicular to the trunk.
Palpation Process of touching and feeling to detect abnormalities of movement, size, shape, texture, temperature, and tenderness. Presence of lumps or masses.
Acute An illness characterized by rapid onset, severe, and intense symptoms that is generally short in duration.
Percussion Tapping body parts (especially body cavities such as chest and abdomen) with the hand, fingers, knuckles, or instruments to evaluate the internal structures based on sound and vibration.
Inspections Visually observing for abnormalities in size, shape, color, continuity, position, movement, and symmetry. Ex: "looking at a patient walk"
Dorsal Recumbent Patient lies supine with knees flexed and feet flat on the table.
Definitive Diagnosis The final conclusion reached by the physician after analysis of all clinical data
Clinical Diagnosis Temporary, initial, working diagnosis that is subject to change as more data is collected.
Differential Diagnosis Ruling out certain diseases having similar Sx to narrow the possible diagnoses,
Ophthalmoscope Eye
Otoscope Ear
Tuning Fork Hearing
Pass the tongue depressor while? Holding it's center
Manipulation Physically moving or probing body parts such as the extremities and joints to check for abnormalities. Movements that produce pain.
IN. & CM. 2.54
Chronic Characterized by insidious, slow onset symptoms that persist over a long period of time.
Created by: itsdelis