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WHI.14 (2015)

High & Late Medieval Period

TermDefinition
centralized monarchies supreme political authority who unified nations to create stable and centralized governments. (ex: England, France, Spain, Russia)
William the Conqueror Leader of Normandy who lead conquest to unify England. He became the first Norman king of England by winning the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
King John An English king who signed the Magna Carta that limited the power of the king.
Magna Carta Political document signed by King John of England in 1215 that limited the king's power and subjected him to the rule of law. a Document was created to protect the people from feudal abuses.
The Hundred Years' War a war between England and France from 1337-1453 that helped define each as a nation and it's current boarders . The French hero Joan of Arc was a military leader during this war.
Parliament the supreme legislative branch of England
Capetian dynasty The French Family from 987-1328 that united most of France and made Paris the capital city.
Joan of Arc a female military and religious leader during the Hundred Years war the helped unit France even though she was burned at the stake.
Ferdinand & Isabella King and Queen who unified Spain and expelled Jews and Moors during the Inquisition.
Charles V.
Ivan the Great Russian ruler that over powered Mongols and centralize power in Moscow
tsar name for a Russian ruler (means: emperor)
unification the action of being made whole by bringing together different parts
The Crusades religious and political wars between European Christians and Middle Eastern Muslims during the 11-13 centuries in order to claim the Holy Lands
Pope Urban gave a speech calling all Christians in Europe to reclaim the Holy Lands because "God wills it!"
Saladin Muslim military and political leader during the Crusades who retained control over Jerusalem
disillusionment feeling of disappointment or loss of hope because something you through was true turned out to be false (ex: Pope fighting with Christians for political power)
legacy anything handed down from the past
Jerusalem Holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims and was the focus of conquest during the crusades
Constantinople Main city of the Eastern Orthodox Church, capital of the Byzantine Empire, and major travel route between Europe and Middle East
Black Death/Bubonic plague widespread sickness (epidemic) that occurred from 1347-1400 which lead to a decline in population, workers, and disrupted trade
scarcity economic problem of not having enough of an item/need (shortage)
wage a fix payment to workers from employers (boss/owner)
acquistion the act of buying or gaining an item/possession (ex: buying land)
massacres act of killing a lot of people (ex: Jews treatment for "Black Death"
church scholars people who were educated, worked in monasteries, and translated Greek and Arabic literature into Latin.
monasteries where monks lived, studied and devoted themselves to a life of service to God. These were usually economic and educational centers.
Created by: catherine_pace