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WHI.12 (2015)

African Civilizations and Empires

Axum Empire an East African Kingdom that was the center of trade between the 3th and 6th century because it was established at beginning of the Nile River. In the 4th century it became a Christian kingdom
Zimbabwe an southeastern African Kingdom on a plateau between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers. This empire grew rich from the gold trade.
Ghana a west African kingdom that ruled from 300-1100 CE that became rich from Muslim caravans until it weakened and became part of the Mali Empire
Mali a west African kingdom that ruled from 1235-1600 CE whose leader Mansa Musa converted to Islam.
Songhai a west African kingdom that ruled from 1464-1591 CE and conquered lands of Mali to gain control of the salt & gold trade.
Great Zimbabwe capital city of the very prosperous empire Zimbabwe that connected African resources to the Indian Ocean trade route
Timbuktu a city know for learning and was the center of trade for the Mali Empire
Trans-Saharan trade a trade route that connected the Salt and Gold trade of the African Empires
cultural diffusion spreading of cultural beliefs or norms to another group (ex: Christianity from Europe to European colonies)
Prince Henry the Navigator a Portuguese Prince who created the "School of Navigation" to train salior in navigation, map-making so they could explore down the west-coast of Africa.
Created by: catherine_pace