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WHI.13 (2015)

American Civilizations and European Exploration

TermDefinition
Mayan Civilization an empire located in Mexico and Central American ruled by kings from 600 B.C till 1546 CE
Chichen Itza the representative city of the Mayan Empire
Aztec Civilization an empire located in Mexico ruled by an emperor from 1345 CE until the Spanish destroyed in 1521 CE
Tenochtitlan the capital city of the Aztec Empire on Lake Texcoco
Incan Civilization an empire located in the Andes Mountains of South America ruled by an emperor from 1200 CE until the Spanish destroyed in 1531 CE
Machu Picchu the capital city of the Incan Empire and demonstrated their ability to adapt to high-altitude agriculture
Christopher Columbus a Spanish explorer who "discovered" the Americas
Hernando Cortez a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztec Empire
Francisco Pizarro a Spanish explorer who conquered the Incan Empire
indigenous population a people group know to be first to a region or native to a location
exploration to travel in order to find discover new lands and goods/resources
navigational tools technology that helps a ships crew work more efficient and know where they were going (ex: Compass from China; lateen sails from Indian Ocean region)
Created by: catherine_pace