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Common Abbreviations

Common Medical Term Abbreviations chapters 1-6 Midterm Study

TermDefinition
CCU CORONARY CARE UNIT
ECU EMERGENCY CARE UNIT
ER EMERGENCY ROOM
ED EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT
ICU INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
PICU PEDIATRIC INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
NICU NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
SICU SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
PACU POSTANESTHESIA CARE UNIT
L&D LABOR & DELIVERY
OR OPERATING ROOM
POST-OP AFTER SURGERY
PRE-OP BEFORE SURGERY
VS VITAL SIGNS
T TEMPERATURE
BP BLOOD PRESSURE
HR HEART RATE
RR RESPIRATORY RATE
Ht HEIGHT
Wt WEIGHT
BMI BODY MASS INDEX
I/O INTAKE/OUTPUT (Usually Intake Of Fluids via IV/ Output of urine)
Dx DIAGNOSIS
DDx DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS (Gathered via ROS)
H&P HISTORY & PHYSICAL
Hx HISTORY
CC CHIEF COMPLAINT (Main reason for Visit)
HPI HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS (Story of Symptoms)
ROS REVIEW OF SYMPTOMS (Anything NOT related To CC)
PMHx PAST MEDICAL HISTORY
FHx FAMILY HISTORY
PE PHYSICAL EXAM
Pt PATIENT
y/o YEARS OLD
h/o HISTORY OF
PCP PRIMARY CARE PROVIDER
f/u FOLLOW UP
SOB SHORTNESS OF BREATH
PERRLA PUPILS are EQUAL, ROUND, REACTIVE to LIGHT & ACCOMODATION
NAD NO ACUTE DISTRESS (Not displaying intense symptoms)
NOS NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
RRR REGULAR RATE & RHYTHM (Normal heart rate upon exam)
CTA CLEAR TO ASCULATION (Normal lung sounds)
WDWN WELL DEVELOPED WELL NOURISHED
A&O ALERT & ORIENTED (Pt. can answer questions and is aware of what is going on)
WNL WITHIN NORMAL LIMITS
NEC NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
PO PER OS (ORAL/BY MOUTH)
NPO NIL PER OS (NOTHING BY MOUTH)
PR PER RECTUM (Anal)
IM INTRAMUSCULAR
SC SUBCUTANEOUS (Under the skin)
IV INTRAVENOUS
CVL CENTRAL VENOUS LINE
PICC PERIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL CATHETER
Sig SIGNA (Latin For Label) Instructions
AD LIB AS DESIRED
BID TWICE DAILY (Bis in die - Two in a day)
TID THREE TIMES DAILY (Ter in die - Three in a day)
QID FOUR TIMES DAILY (Quarter in die - Four in a day) *Not used often; Easily confused with QD)
QD DAILY (Quaque die - Each day) *Not used often; Easily confused with QID
QHS AT NIGHT (Quaque in Somni - Each night at the hour of sleep)
AC BEFORE MEALS (Ante cibum - Before food)
PC AFTER MEALS (Post cibum - After food)
PRN (prn) AS NEEDED (Per re nata - As need arises)
ABCDE ASYMMETRY, BORDER, COLOR, DIAMETER, EVOLVING
AK ACTINIC KERATOSIS
BCC BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
Bx BIOPSY
C&S CULTURE & SENSITIVITY
decub DECUBITUS ULCER (Bed Sore)
derm DERMATOLOGY
EAHF ECZMA, ASTHMA, HAY FEVER
FS FROZEN SECTION
ID INTRADERMAL
SC SUBCUTANEOUS
SCC SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
SQ SUBCUTANEOUS
subcut SUBCUTANEOUS
TD TRANSDERMAL
XP XERODERMA PIGMENTOSA
Fx (Musculoskeletal) FRACTURE (Musculoskeletal)
Tx TRACTION OR TREATMENT
ACL ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (Knee)
PCL POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (Knee)
MCL MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (Knee)
PCL POSTERIOR COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (Knee)
C1-C7 CERVICAL (Neck) VERTEBRAE (C1-C7 Are TRUE RIBS) C7 (Ends Cervical Area - The bone we can feel/sticks out)
T1-T12 THORACIC (Chest) VERTEBRAE (T11 & T12 Are FLOATING RIBS)
L1-L5 LUMBAR (Loin) VERTEBRAE
S1-S5 SACRAL (Sacrum) VERTEBRAE
ATLAS C1 (Has no spinous process or vertebral body)
AXIS C2 (Has prominent Dens)
CTS CARPRAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
EMG ELECTROMYOGRAM
FROM FULL RANGE OF MOTION
ROM RANGE OF MOTION
MD MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
NSAID NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUG
OA OSTEOARTHRITIS
ORIF OPEN REDUCTION INTERNAL FIXATION
PT PHYSICAL THERAPY
RA RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
RICE REST, ICE, COMPRESSION, ELEVATION
THR TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT
TKR TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT
WB WEIGHT BEARING
WBAT WEIGHT BEARING AS TOLERATED
ADHD ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
ALS AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (LOU GEHRIG'S DISEASE)
CNS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (Unified collection of cells in brain and spine. Processes details and formulates responses. Commands directed back to body parts via nerves. Constant progression of receiving, reasoning and reacting.)
PNS PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (Collects data, receives information like temp, pain, light and pressure and transmits info via nerve impulses to analytic center.)
AFFERENT NERVE NERVE CARRIES IMPULSES TOWARDS CNS
EFFERENT NERVE NERVE CARRIES IMPULSES AWAY FROM CNS
ABDUCTION AWAY (ABduction)
ADDUCTION TOWARD (ADDuction)
CP CEREBRAL PALSY
CSF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
CVA CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT
EEG ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM
EMG ELECTROMYOGRAM
HD HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE
ICP INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
LOC LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LP LUMBAR PUNCTURE
MRA MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY
MRI MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
MS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
OCD OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
PET POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
TIA TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
ARMD AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
HEENT HEAD, EYES, EARS, NOSE, THROAT
IOL INTRAOCULAR LENS
IOP INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE
LASIK LASER ASSISTED IN SITU KERATOMILEUSIS
OD OCULUS DEXTER - RIGHT EYE
OS OCULUS SINISTER - LEFT EYE
OU OCULUS UTERQUE - BOTH R/L EYES
VA VISUAL ACUITY
VF VISUAL FIELD
AD AURIS DEXTRA - RIGHT EAR
AS AURIS SINISTER - LEFT EAR
AU AURIS UTRAQUE - BOTH R/L EARS
AOM ACUTE OTIS MEDIA
OM OTIS MEDIA
ENT EAR, NOSE, THROAT
TM TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
Created by: MCasler