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Africa History SG

Africa History Study Guide -- 3/7/17

Apartheid An organized system where races are segregated by law
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade The buying and selling of Africans as slave labor to work on plantations, in mines, and doing commercial logging in the Americas
Colonization The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
FW De Klerk Last white president of South Africa who worked together with Nelson Mandela to bring equal rights to all members of South Africa and end apartheid there
Genocide The extermination of an ethnic group
Imperialism A system were a strong country takes wealth and raw materials from another country.
Nationalism Feeling of extreme pride in one's nation
Nelson Mandela First black democratically elected president of South Africa (chosen by blacks and whites) once apartheid had ended--1994
Pan-Africanism A movement where Africans identified themselves as Africans primarily rather than citizens of their particular countries. It served to unite Africans.
Civil War When two groups of people within a country are fighting; often it is the government versus a group of people
Jomo Kenyatta Founding father of Kenya and leader of KNAU (Kenyan National African Union)
Berlin Conference A meeting held in 1884 where European nations divided up the continent of Africa in order to avoid going to war over who got what territories in Africa. No African countries were present at this meeting.
Why was Europe originally interested in Africa? The European powers were interested in expanding their empires, setting up military bases, and the vast wealth of natural resources that are in Africa.
How did European partitioning across Africa contribute to artificial political boundaries? Ethnic Groups were split that had always been together and others were put together that did not get along. Europeans did not pay attention to culture when drawing boundaries and this caused conflict between groups.
Who controlled South Africa? Great Britain (after they fought the Dutch for control)
How did nationalism lead to South African independence? The European powers controlled Africa, but feelings of nationalism started by the pan Africa movement lead to more and more people in Africa wanting their Independence.
Who was in control of Kenya? Great Britain
How did nationalism lead to the people's independence in Kenya? Nationalism lead to the Kenyans feeling that their land was taken unfairly. The Mau Mau was a secret organization that believed the only way to win Kenyan rights and independence was through the use of force. Kenyan support for the Mau Mau led the Briti
Who was in control in Nigeria? Great Britain
How did nationalism lead to the people's independence in Nigeria? By the 1940s, Nigerians started many organizations to fight British rule. Many Nigerians admired the British because of their education in England. However, most believed that the only way for Nigerians to have rights was to be free of European rule.
What role did Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk play in the evolution of apartheid in South Africa? They worked together to end apartheid in South African
What was the Middle Passage? The Middle Passage was the portion of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from Africa to the Americas. This was the actual journey on the slave ships where many slaves died due to the horrible conditions.
How did the Middle Passage affect life in Africa? Families were torn apart and many slaves died on the journey due to the overcrowded, filthy conditions, the lack of food and water, disease, etc. The population of Africa decreased significantly due to the slave trade.
How does gender affect access to education in Kenya and Sudan? Women and children are not educated because they serve as caretakers and have to walk to get water for their families. Muslim women in particular are not educated.
How does a government stability affect how they work to combat AIDS and famine across Africa? If a government is stable, they have more resources and money to combat the problems of AIDS and famine (higher standard of living)
What is the Pan African Movement and what was its impact? The Pan African Movement was a movement to unite all Africans and have them identify themselves as Africans over their countries of origin. This created a unified identify for Africans.
Why has Africa been unstable since independence from Europe? Africans never governed themselves; European nations never taught them how to govern themselves. Ethnic and religious differences have caused constant conflict
Created by: darcymcfarlane