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Unit 4

Empires of Era 3

city-states an independent city--and sometimes its surrounding land--which has its own government, completely separate from other countries
civilizations an advanced state of human society in which a high level of culture, technology, and government have been reached. Settlements that meet the seven criteria.
empires a group of territories or peoples under one ruler
geography The study of the physical features of the earth and it's atmosphere, and impact on humans
resources a source of supply, support, or aid especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed
trade exchange something for something else
silk road an ancient network of trade routes that for centuries were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent.
cultural diffusion the spread of culture, including aspects such as clothing and food, from one group to another, typically as a result of making contact.
economic pertaining to the production, distribution, and use of income, weath and commodities.
supply economic concept that describes the total amount of specific good or service that is available to consumers
demand an economic principle that describes a consumer's desire and willingness to pay a price for a specific good or service.
trade routes any route usually taken by merchant ships, caravans, etc. in order to trade one good for another.
globalization a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology
water trade routes routes that use ships for trade
7 characteristics of civilizations criteria used to determine if a society is a civilization. The criteria include the development of cities, government and law, system of writing, specialization, social system, complex technology, organized religion
Government systems the group of people who control and make decisions for a country, state, empire, city-state, etc
Monarchy a form of government with a single person at its head known as a monarch which reign for life and pass on their power through a bloodline (hereditary to children)
Oligarchy A country that is controlled by a small group of people
Emperor A dictatorship with one-man rule that evolved from the Roman Republic
Oligarchs Ruler in an oligarchy
Kings the male ruler of an independent state, especially one who inherits the position by right of birth.
Absolute Power complete authority to act in an area
Legal Codes set of rules
Communication the exchange of thoughts, information, or messages
Monarch ruler of a monarchy
Social Hierarchies division of society according to caste, rank or class
autocracy government in which one person possesses unlimited power
dynasty a family of rulers who rule over a country for a long period of time
military relating to or characteristic of soldiers or armed forces
conquest the act of taking control of a country, city, etc through the use of force
taxes a sum of money demanded by a government for its support
merchants a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer/trader
Created by: csackrider