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Chavez WH 31 Vocab

WH CH 31 Years of Crisis

Albert Einstein Scientist who developed the theory of relativity
Theory of relativity Idea that as moving objects approach the speed of light, space and time become relative
Sigmund Freud Physician who exposed the workings of the unconscious mind
Existentialism Philosophy that says each person must make meaning in a world that has no universal meaning
Friedrich Nietzsche German philosopher who dismissed reason, democracy, and progress as empty ideas
Surrealism Art movement in which is a dreamlike world, outside of reality, is portrayed or evoked
Jazz Lively, loose form of popular music developed in the United States
Charles Lindbergh First person to fly alone across the atlantic
Coalition Government temporary alliance of several political parties
Weimar republic Government of Germany after World War l
Great Depression Severe economic downturn that followed the collapse of the U.S. stock market in 1929
Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States during the depression
New Deal Roosevelt's program for creating jobs and improving the American economy
Fascism Political movement based on nationalism that gives power to a dictator and takes away individual rights
Benito Mussolini fascist leader of Italy
Adolf Hitler Fascist leader of Germany
Nazism German brand of fascism
Mein Kampf Book by Hitler outlining his beliefs and goals for Germany
Lebensraum Living space
Appeasement Giving in to keep the peace
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan
Francisco Franco Spain's Fascist dictator
Isolation Belief that political ties with other countries should be avoided
Third Reich German Empire
Munich Conference Meeting of world powers in 1938 that allowed Hitler to take part of Czechoslovakia
Boom Period of great economic growth
Cubism Art style that portrayed objects in geometric shapes
Dictator Ruler who has absolute authority
Distorted Twisted; not in the usual shape
Invaded Entered a country for the purpose of taking it over
Irrational Not reasonable; not consciously thought out
Moderates People who are not liberal (in favor of great change) or conservative (reluctant to change) but in the middle
Physics Science of matter and energy
Pledged Promised
Radical Extreme; carried to the limit
Recovery Economic growth following a depression or recession
Socialists People who believed in socialist ideas, such as shared ownership of business
Tariffs Taxes on goods imported from other countries
Thugs People who carry out violent activities on someone else's orders