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Female Reproductive


Hormone FSH Production site Pituitary gland Target organ Ovary Stimulates maturation of the ovary
Hormone LH Production site Pituitary gland Target Organ Ovary Stimulates ovulation
Hormone Estrogen Production site Ovary, Placenta Target Organ Uterus Builds up the endometrial lining
Hormone Progesterone Production site Ovary (corpus luteum) Placenta Target Organ Ovary (corpus luteum) Sustains uterine lining and placenta during pregnancy
Hormone hCG Production site Placenta Target Organ Ovary(corpus luteum) Sustains pregnancy
adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
areola Dark pigmented area surrounding the developing fetus.
Bartholin glands Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body). Caspar Bartholin was a Danish anatomist who described the glands in 1637.
cervix Lower, neck-like portion the the uterus.
chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta.
clitoris Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
coitus Sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (body)
cul-de-sac Region in the lower abdomen midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo Stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks.
endometrium Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.
fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus; also called an oviduct. Named for Gabriello Fallopia, an Italian anatomist.
fertilization Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
Fetus Stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks.
fimbriae (singular: fimbria) Finger- or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum).
gamete Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
genitalia Reproductive organs; also called genitals.
gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth.
gonad Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis.
gynecology Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts.
human choriobnic gonadotropin (hCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.
labia Lips of vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
lactiferous ducts Tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation.
mammary papilla Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection
menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce.
menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses( Latin mensis means month).
myometrium Muscle layer of the uterus.
neonatology Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).
obstetrics Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
orifice An opening.
ovarian follicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
ovary One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones.
ovulation Release of the ovum from the ovary.
ovum (plural; ova) Mature egg cell (female gamete). Ova develop from immature egg cell called oocytes.
parturition Act of giving birth
perineum In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones that permits the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and fetus.
placenta Vascular organ attached to the uterine wall during pregnancy. It permits the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and fetus.
pregnancy Condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in ger uterus for about 40 weeks.
progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
puberty Point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced.
uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
uterus Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lowermost, neck-like portion is the cervix
vagina Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
vulva External female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice.
zygote Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation up to 2 weeks.
Created by: MamaTurtle67
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