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Arts and Industry

TermDefinition
Romanticism It stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom within or even from classical notions of form in art, and overturning of previous social conventions, particularly the position of the aristocracy. It followed the Enlightenment period.
Realism concerned itself with how life was structured socially, economically, politically, and culturally in the mid-nineteenth century. This led to unflinching, sometimes "ugly" portrayals of life's unpleasant moments and the use of dark, earthy palettes.
Impressionism loosened their brushwork and lightened their palettes to include pure, intense colors. Many critics faulted Impressionist paintings for their unfinished appearance and seemingly amateurish quality.
Agricultural Revolution A period in history in which massive improvements were made to agricultural technologies, allowing for the advancement of human society.
Why did the industrial revolution start in Britain had access to a number of natural resources, such as iron and coal. The agricultural sector of the British economy had been steadily growing during the 18th century. Agricultural stability allowed the British population to increase.
What was city life like in the industrial revolution Dirty and dangerous
Positive impacts of the industrial revolution Assembly Line=faster production, less cost, mass production, jobs, inventions, better education
Negative impacts of the industrial revolution pollution, unsafe, long working hours, sick from pollution, little pay, child labor, unskilled labor
Laissez-faire abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
Utilitariansim to promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Jermy Bentham.
Free market system an economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses.
Capitalism an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
Socialism a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
Marxism the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism. workers or working-class people, regarded collectively
Unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions.
Abolition(America) The movement again split in 1865, when Garrison and his supporters asserted that the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery made continuation of the American Anti-Slavery Society unnecessary.
Abolition(Britain) Willerforce fought against slavery in parliment on 1807
Adam Smith wrote Wealth of Nations: the father of modern economics, laissez-faire, free market
Louis Pasteur wanted to improve life through medicine, created pasturization-made food safe to eat
James Watt improved the steam engine
Marie curie and Pierre Ranoir Discovered radioactivity
Karl Marx Founder of communism
Friedrich Engels He founded Marxist theory together with Karl Marx.
William Wilberforce eradicated the slave trade from England.
Mary Cassatt First american female to have a painting in a museum, Impressionist
Edgar Degas french, belay dancers, nothing intended to sell
Created by: ZENMASTER2001